By Sarah Van Ruyskensvelde
This publication bargains with the improvement of personal secondary education throughout the moment global warfare in Belgium. It specializes in how the German occupier used schooling to achieve reputation of the regime, and discusses the attitudes of Belgian schooling gurus, colleges, academics and scholars in the direction of the German career. Suggesting that the career pressured Belgian schooling professionals, equivalent to the Roman Catholic Church, to take definite positions, the publication explores the wartime reports and thoughts of students and academics. It explains that the German tradition division used to be fairly vulnerable in setting up overall keep watch over over schooling and that Catholic faculties have been capable of preserve their schooling venture through the struggle. even if, the publication additionally unearths that, at times, the German career didn't desire overall keep watch over over schooling on the way to locate aid for a few authoritarian principles. As such, Van Ruyskenvelde’s research offers a nuanced view of a dead ringer for the Catholic Church, faculties, academics and students as mere sufferers of battle.
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This publication bargains with the improvement of non-public secondary education throughout the moment international conflict in Belgium. It makes a speciality of how the German occupier used schooling to realize popularity of the regime, and discusses the attitudes of Belgian schooling specialists, colleges, lecturers and scholars in the direction of the German career.
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Extra info for Wartime Schooling and Education Policy in the Second World War: Catholic Education, Memory and the Government in Occupied Belgium
25 Besides the demand for tuition-free education, compulsory education also appeared on the political agenda from the second half of the nineteenth century onwards. The issue divided progressive and conservative politicians. Generally, progressives were in favour of compulsory education as a way to emancipate the working-class population and saw it as a means for their integration within society. As liberals linked compulsory education with neutral state schooling, their demands met with fierce Catholic conservative opposition that considered compulsory education as a Masonic conspiracy against private education and an infringement of the liberty of the father freely to choose a school.
Belgium and the Netherlands: A Comparative Approach’, in Religion under Siege I. The Roman Catholic Church in Occupied Europe (1939– 1950), eds. Lieve Gevers and Jan Bank (Leuven: Peeters, 2007), 219. 43. Depaepe, Order in Progress, 9. 44. , Materialities of Schooling. Design – Technology – Object – Routine (Oxford: Symposium Books, 2005); or see Angelo Van Gorp, Nelleke Bakker, Sjaak Braster and Marjoke Rietveld-van Wingerden, Materiële schoolcultuur. Over artefacten als bron in de onderwijsgeschiedenis.
Yet, from Belgian independence onwards, the Flemish movement contested the linguistic regime in schools that remained in large part Francophone. During the 1930s, a radicalised wing of this Flemish movement shifted towards Fascism and National Socialism and, as such, formed an important breeding ground for New Order ideas during the interwar and war years. © The Author(s) 2016 S. 1057/978-1-137-52011-1_2 23 24 S. VAN RUYSKENSVELDE THE CATHOLIC MONOPOLY OVER EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGE OF THE STATE During the Middle Ages and the Ancien Régime, the Church took the fore in the socialisation of good Christians through education.