By Gary Kynoch
In We Are scuffling with the realm: A historical past of the Marashea Gangs in South Africa, 1947–1999, Gary Kynoch issues to the mix of coercive strength and administrative weak spot that characterised the apartheid country. so long as crime and violence have been contained inside of black townships and didn't threaten adjoining white parts, township citizens have been mostly left to fend for themselves. The Marashea’s skill to prosper through the apartheid period and its involvement in political clash led on to the violent crime epidemic that this day plagues South Africa.
Highly readable and solidly researched, We Are struggling with the World is important to an figuring out of South African society, prior and current. This pioneering learn demanding situations earlier social heritage examine on resistance, ethnicity, city areas, and gender in South Africa. Kynoch’s interviews with many present and previous gang participants provide We Are battling the World an power and a realism which are exceptional in the other released paintings on gang violence in southern Africa.
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Additional resources for We Are Fighting the World: A History of the Marashea Gangs in South Africa, 1947-1999
Independent women were vulnerable to criminal predation, police harassment, and deportation, and association with the Marashea afforded a degree of protection. For example, the men of Marashea ensured that customers honored their debts and women were not robbed, a significant benefit in the crime-plagued townships and informal settlements. Newspaper reports from the Rand confirm oral evidence that criminals and even African municipal police who interfered with Marashea women were subject to retribution.
If the majority agrees on one man, we install him as morena. ” Leaders were elected wholly on the basis of merit. Accomplished strategists and powerful fighters became commanders; royal connections and noble bloodlines in Lesotho carried no weight in the Marashea. HL discusses the qualities that groups looked for and the manner in which marena were expected to rule: “You cannot be morena if you are careless; you must have the qualities to rule people and you must speak in a way that you can convince people.
With a single exception, all informants reported that leaders were elected by the male Marashea. BM is the exception to the electoral rule. He claims he was appointed by his predecessor, who was preparing to retire. I was called to Klerksdorp by Ntate Mokhemele, who was morena of the Klerksdorp region, which covers the Free State and Orkney and Klerksdorp. He said he looked all over the area but he could not find a leader among his people who could take his position as he was old and intended to retire.