Download The Teleological Ethics of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (Islamic by Professor Ayman Shihadeh PDF

By Professor Ayman Shihadeh

Utilizing the main large assortment hitherto of his released and unpublished writings, this quantity offers a entire, in-depth and interdisciplinary research of the moral philosophy of al-R'z' (1149-1210), a most eminent and influential medieval philosopher-theologian. a fancy photo emerges, throughout his philosophical, theological, moral and juristic works, of a constant and multi-layered moral concept. Al-R'z' departs from classical Ash'ar' divine command ethics to improve either a consequentialist ethics of motion, which heavily competitors Mu'tazili deontological ethics, and a perfectionist ethics of personality. in the latter framework, he units out his later, teleological idea of prophecy. the amount contains the textual content, released for the 1st time, of 1 of al-R'z's most recent and so much attention-grabbing works, "Censure of the Pleasures of This World", which expresses reported ethical and epistemological pessimism.

Show description

Read or Download The Teleological Ethics of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science) PDF

Best history & surveys books

A History of Philosophy, Vol. 2: Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy From Augustine to Duns Scotus

Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A heritage Of Philosophy has journeyed a long way past the modest function of its writer to common acclaim because the most sensible historical past of philosophy in English. Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of sizeable erudition who as soon as tangled with A.

Heidegger's Philosophic Pedagogy (Continuum Studies in Continental Philosophy)

Heidegger’s Philosophic Pedagogy examines how Martin Heidegger conceives and consists of out the duty of training people in a lifestyles decided by means of philosophic wondering. via an exposition of lately released lecture classes that Heidegger added within the years 1928-1935, his magnum opus, Being and Time, and different key texts, the writer indicates that the duty of schooling is significant to Heidegger’s figuring out of philosophy.

Sartre's Ethics of Engagement: Authenticity And Civic Virtue (Continuum Studies in Continental Philosophy)

Jean-Paul Sartre used to be some of the most special and vociferous social critics of the 20th century. As editor of the French post-war magazine Les Temps Modernes, Sartre was once capable of supplement his literary and philosophical perspectives with essays dedicated to functional moral and political concerns. The post-war period was once essentially the most fruitful, interesting and bold classes for Sartre's considering.

Lost Intimacy in American Thought: Recovering Personal Philosophy from Thoreau to Cavell

Misplaced Intimacy in American suggestion casts new gentle on a specific strand of yank philosophical writing that incorporates Henry David Thoreau, Henry Bugbee, and Stanley Cavell. opposed to the strictures of an excessively professionalized philosophy, those writers search to regain intimacy with position, others, and oneself.

Additional info for The Teleological Ethics of Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science)

Example text

He establishes a real, direct, uniform and (ordinarily) necessary connection between the event and its natural cause. As such, an act will be produced, in a real sense, by its human agent; and there will be a real and direct link between the internal state of the agent and his action. 128 129 130 Mab§Èith, 2, 507–8. Reading ‘måjid’ instead of ‘muwajjih’. Maã§lib, 3, 73. 44 chapter one Al-R§zÊ develops his theory of action under the influence of various sources—falsafÊ, Ash#arÊ and Mu#tazilÊ—but he puts forth a unique solution.

Al-R§zÊ’s second proof is as follows. Knowledge is either conception (taßawwur) or assertion (taßdÊq), the former being apprehension (idr§k) without judgement (Èukm), and the latter being, according to al-R§zÊ, apprehension with a judgement of fact. He first argues that conceptions are not acquired. For if I try to acquire a conception, I will either have awareness (shu#år) of the essence to be conceptualised, 80 81 82 This is discussed p. 118–20 infra. Jabr, 43–4. Jabr, 101–10; cf. Arba#Ên, 235–7; TafsÊr, 24, 179.

35 Maã§lib, 3, 9. 36 Maã§lib, 3, 13. 37 Maã§lib, 3, 14–6. 33 22 chapter one habit, social custom, and an agent’s expectation of praise or benefit in consequence to his acts. Also, each of these three types of cognitive states (knowledge, belief and presumption) includes motives that vary widely in strength; hence, the presumption that relies on a single informant’s account of an event generally constitutes a weaker motive than that which relies on multiple accounts, which, in turn, constitutes a weaker motive than witnessing the event oneself.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.85 of 5 – based on 8 votes