Download The Leibniz-Des Bosses Correspondence by G. W. Leibniz, Prof. Brandon Look, Professor Donald PDF

By G. W. Leibniz, Prof. Brandon Look, Professor Donald Rutherford

This quantity is a serious version of the ten-year correspondence (1706-1716) among Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, one among Europe’s such a lot influential early glossy thinkers, and Bartholomew Des Bosses, a Jesuit theologian who used to be willing to assemble Leibniz’s philosophy and the Aristotelian philosophy and spiritual doctrines permitted by means of his order. The letters supply the most important insights into Leibniz’s ultimate metaphysics and into the highbrow lifetime of the eighteenth century.
Brandon C. glance and Donald Rutherford present seventy-one of Leibniz’s and Des Bosses’s letters within the unique Latin and in cautious English translation. Few of the letters were translated into English ahead of. The editors additionally offer huge annotations, deletions, and marginalia from Leibniz’s numerous drafts, and a considerable creation surroundings the context for the correspondence and interpreting the most philosophical issues.

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Extra info for The Leibniz-Des Bosses Correspondence

Sample text

Monadism, however, entails that soul-like, simple substances alone have an absolute or per se existence, from which it follows that, if other things do exist, their existence must be explained in terms of the prior existence of monads. Leibniz makes a variety of claims to De Volder about the relation of monads to matter. Some of these describe a reduction of matter and its properties to monads and their properties. Others concern the relation that any monad must have to some particular matter. 251/AG 176).

Composition and the Unity of Corporeal Substance Many of the most explicit statements of Leibniz’s theory of monads appear in the major correspondence that ends just as the Des Bosses correspondence is about to begin. In his final letter to De Volder, dated 19 January 1706, Leibniz offers the following summary of his ontology: “there can be nothing real in nature but simple substances and the aggregates that result from them. Moreover, we have acknowledged nothing but percep- Introduction l tions or their grounds in these simple substances.

Surprisingly, perhaps, Leibniz resists the opportunity to reinforce his agreement with the Jesuits on this point. ” At the same time, he stresses that this does not entail the metaphysical necessity of the effect. Although it is metaphysically necessary that any action have a determining cause, this cause is not metaphysically necessitating. 41 Des Bosses agrees that among Jesuits this is an acceptable way of characterizing God’s choice of the best: though freely made, God’s choice is morally necessary, since any other choice would be incompatible with God’s perfection.

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