By Samuel Yochelson, Stanton Samenow
Yochelson and Samenow characteristic crime to a chain of early irresponsible offerings that predate drug use between drug-using criminals. character and private selection variables are conceptualized as severe in initialing and conserving use. In what's referred to as an indiscriminate look for pleasure, drug-using criminals are characterised as increasing their legal repertoire whereas excusing their activities through rationalizations occasionally invented via sociologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists. even though those principles are of substantial curiosity, the true price of the textual content lies in its fascinating presentation of drug-user considering. 'DContemporary Psychology A Jason Aroson ebook
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Extra info for The Criminal Personality: The Drug User
263) described the addict as "motivated at the level of the pleasure principle" to satisfy intense bodily needs. The narcissism of the oral stage is seen as a central feature of the addict's personality. He always has to be the recipient, never the giver. " Their need is to find object substitutes which produce a status of infantile satiation-fusion. This bliss, though, lasts only a short time and then new supplies have to be in gested. The much desired fulfillment of the ingestions - introjections of the object -repeatedly fails.
An increasing array of drugs has become available. Some are new prepara tions of earlier available substances. For example, opium, which can be eaten, smoked, or drunk in raw form, can be injected or ingested when proc essed into morphine. If further processed into heroin, it can be snorted or in jected. Some drugs have been synthesized in the laboratory and used ex pressly for their mind-altering properties. LSD is an example of the class of drugs called "psychotomimetic" because of their ability to produce "psycho tic-like" phenomena in the user.
Winick stated that early in life drugs provide the addict with an in-group, a special vocabulary, and a means of absorbing sexual and aggressive impulses. By the mid thirties, "such needs are less urgent, and the person seems to drift away from drug use" (p. 8). " Bailey (1968) took a diametrically opposite view: "A more plausible explanation might be termed the "smartening up" hypothesis which maintains that old addicts do not be come cured, they just get smarter" (p. 134). Bailey maintained that older ad dicts have slowed down and are therefore less visible.