By Lieven Vandelanotte
This e-book goals to supply a brand new, linguistically grounded typology of speech and notion illustration in English at the foundation of the systematic research of deictic, syntactic and semantic houses of genuine examples drawn from literary in addition to non-literary sources.
In the world past direct and oblique speech or proposal, ‘free oblique discourse’ has frequently been implicitly handled as a residual classification that may accommodate something that's neither one nor the opposite. This publication takes a clean examine the proof within the region of deixis, relatively via a detailed research of pronoun and correct identify use, and proposes to tell apart the extra character-oriented unfastened oblique variety from a narrator-oriented ‘distancing’ oblique kind, that's grammatically totally based from the narrator’s deictic point of view. not like loose oblique representations, which coherently characterize the character’s perspective, the distancing oblique style sees narrators appropriating personality discourse for his or her personal reasons, which could for example be ironic. The differences hence drawn shed new gentle at the a lot debated ‘dual voice’ method of unfastened oblique discourse.
Included within the scope of this ebook are subjectified makes use of of clauses resembling i feel, which not basically construe a cognition approach, yet fairly come to operate as hedges. Such speaker-encoding makes use of are argued to contain an interpersonal form of constitution, now not in line with complementation, while the non-subjectified situations obtain an interclausal complementation research which doesn't have recourse to the frustrating concept of ‘reporting verb’.
This monograph is principally of curiosity to researchers and graduate scholars attracted to the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of suggested speech considered from a constructional standpoint.
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Additional resources for Speech and Thought Representation in English: A Cognitive-Functional Approach
Examples taken from secondary literature are quoted with the information as provided in the studies they are taken from, followed by a reference to the latter, which can be found in the list of references at the back. The primary sources of examples from personal reading are listed in a separate list of example sources preceding the reference list. Where this is relevant, underlining is used to highlight the element or structure under discussion. While the research reported on in this study is based on attested data as far as its specialized topic permits, it is not a large-scale quantitative study of STR in the spirit of Semino and Short (2004).
As Chapter five on person deixis argues, a crucial question which has tended to be overlooked is whether it is the current or represented speaker who determines the accessibility coding (cf. Ariel 1990) of noun phrases referring to the represented speaker and addressee. The choice for ‘full’ noun phrases coding a low degree of mental accessibility to the (current) addressee is, in this approach, compatible only with DIST, a current speaker-oriented type, whereas FIST is defined more narrowly than is customary as a type representing the represented speaker’s expressivity and accessibility organization, and thus permitting only pronouns to refer to the inherently highly accessible represented speaker and addressee.
The analysis can be extended to IST, since all that will be discussed here is the manner of constructional ‘assembly’ of reporting and reported clause. The syntagmatic differences between DST and IST will be discussed in section 4. (21) He said “I’m leaving”. Following the discussion in section 2, we can identify the component structures of (21) as the reporting clause He said on the one hand, and the reported clause I’m leaving on the other hand. Of these component structures, the reporting clause He said taken on its own is semantically incomplete, whereas “I’m leaving” can function on its own.