By Mark Lynas
An eye-opening and important account of the way forward for our earth and our civilisation if present premiums of world warming persist, through the hugely acclaimed writer of ‘High Tide’.
Picture your self a couple of many years from now, in a global during which general temperatures are 3 levels greater than they're now. at the fringe of Greenland, rivers ten occasions the scale of the Amazon are gushing off the ice sheet into the north Atlantic. Displaced sufferers of North Africa's drought identify a brand new colony on Greenland's southern tip, one of many few inhabitable components now not already crowded with environmental refugees. giant pumping structures continue the water out of so much of Holland, however the citizens of Bangladesh and the Nile Delta take pleasure in no such defense. in the meantime, in ny, a class 5-plus superstorm pushes in the course of the narrows among Staten Island and Brooklyn, devastating waterside components from ny to ny. Pakistan, crippled by means of drought attributable to disappearing Himalayan glaciers, sees 27 million farmers flee to refugee camps in neighbouring India. Its determined executive prepares a last-ditch try to bring up the movement of the Indus river by means of bombing half-constructed Indian dams in Kashmir. The Pakistani president authorises using nuclear guns in relation to an Indian army counter-strike. however the largest tale of all comes from South the United States, the place a conflagration of really epic proportions has started to devour the Amazon…
Alien because it all sounds, Mark Lynas's fantastic new publication isn't science-fiction; neither is it sensationalist. The six levels of the name discuss with the terrifying danger that typical temperatures will upward push by means of as much as six levels in the subsequent hundred years. this can be the 1st time we've had a competent photograph of the way the cave in of our civilisation will spread until pressing motion is taken.
Most vitally, Lynas's publication serves to spotlight the truth that the realm of 2100 doesn't need to be considered one of horror and chaos. With a bit foresight, a few clever strategic making plans, and a cheap dose of excellent success, we will not less than halt the catastrophic development into which we have now fallen. however the time to behave is now.
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Extra resources for Six Degrees: Our Future on a Hotter Planet
He declared, “A turning point in global history has just occurred. We can now affect the global environment and that is something that’s not going to change. ” In addition to direct measurements of the atmosphere, the UARS findings would be used by 10 international teams to improve theoretical models and predict changes in the Artist’s rendition of the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS). 76 NASA timed the launch of UARS to coincide with the breakup of the ozone hole in 1991 and observe a full cycle in the following year.
The mission lasted six weeks. Led by NASA, the project’s participants included NOAA, NSF, the Chemical Manufacturers Association, and others. 69 Tracking ozone depletion in the Arctic was difficult because the arctic stratosphere was warmer than the stratosphere above Antarctica; hence, fewer polar stratospheric clouds formed to accelerate the depletion reaction. Further, the arctic polar vortex, an air mass in the upper atmosphere held together by cold polar winds, was less stable, preventing the formation of large depleted regions.
118 THREAT OF DATA INTERRUPTION Toward the end of 1998 and into 1999, a number of scientists became worried about NASA’s ability to have a sufficient flow of ozone data. UARS was still functioning but was widely viewed as not having much of useful lifetime left. The NASA TOMS Earth Probe suffered a three-week malfunction near year’s end. It resumed collecting data in January 1999, but the satellite was past its designed two-year life span and was operating on a back-up transmitter, the primary one having failed the previous April.