By Michael James Grenfell
"The French social thinker Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002) is now regarded as one of many significant thinkers of the 20 th century. In a occupation of over fifty years, Bourdieu studied a variety of issues: schooling, tradition, paintings, politics, economics, literature, legislation, and philosophy. all through those reports, Bourdieu constructed a hugely specialized sequence of thoughts that he known as his "thinking tools", that have been used to discover the workings of latest society. Pierre Bourdieu: Key ideas takes a range of his most crucial options and examines them intimately. every one bankruptcy bargains with someone inspiration and are written in an effort to be of quick use to the scholar with very little past wisdom of Bourdieu. while, every one bankruptcy additionally develops quite a few dimensions round each one inspiration to make the insurance of curiosity to the more matured reader."--Book cover. Read more...
content material: pt. I. Biography, thought and perform. creation --
Biography of Bourdieu / Michael Grenfell --
conception of perform / Derek Robbins --
pt. II. box conception: past subjectivity and objectivity. advent --
Habitus / Karl Maton --
box / Patricia Thomson --
pt. III. box mechanisms. advent --
Social category / Nick Crossley --
Capital / Robert Moore --
Doxa / Cécile Deer --
Hysteresis / Cheryl Hardy --
pt. IV. box stipulations. creation --
curiosity / Michael Grenfell --
Conatus / Steve Fuller --
agony / J. Daniel Schubert --
Reflexivity / Cécile Deer --
end / Michael Grenfell --
Postscript: methodological ideas / Michael Grenfell --
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Extra info for Pierre Bourdieu : key concepts
Mostly, however, Bourdieu was intent on thinking “Marx against Marx”, “Weber against Weber” and “Durkheim against Durkheim” to come up with a “realist third way” (2004b: 200). Later, Bourdieu would also critique developments in American sociology, mostly noticeably its predilection for statistical analyses and Rational Action Theory (RAT), with its predictive ambitions to define how individuals will react (see Bourdieu & Wacquant 1992a: 124–6). For Bourdieu, statistics should complement our understanding of the social world, they should not be used to “crush methodological rivals”.
50 HABITUS To explore how habitus addresses these questions requires first a brief excursion into rather theoretical terrain. Formally, Bourdieu defines habitus as a property of social agents (whether individuals, groups or institutions) that comprises a “structured and structuring structure” (1994d: 170). It is “structured” by one’s past and present circumstances, such as family upbringing and educational experiences. It is “structuring” in that one’s habitus helps to shape one’s present and future practices.
In the first section, adherence to Bachelard is made explicit early on: As the whole oeuvre of Gaston Bachelard shows, epistemology differs from abstract methodology inasmuch as it strives to grasp the logic of error in order to construct the logic of the discovery of truth as a polemic against error and as an endeavour to subject the approximated truths of science and the methods it uses to methodical, permanent rectification . . But the polemical action of scientific reason cannot be given its full force unless the “psychoanalysis of the scientific mind” is taken further by an analysis of the social conditions in which sociological works are produced.