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By Edward Craig

How ought we to dwell? What relatively exists? How can we understand? This energetic and fascinating e-book is the fitting creation for an individual who has ever been questioned via what philosophy is or what it's for. Edward Craig argues that philosophy isn't an task born from one other planet: studying approximately it's only a question of broadening and deepening what so much folks do already. He indicates that philosophy is not any mere highbrow hobby: thinkers similar to Plato, Buddhist writers, Descartes, Hobbes, Hume, Hegel, Mill and de Beauvoir have been responding to genuine wishes and occasions - a lot in their paintings shapes our lives at the present time and lots of in their issues are nonetheless ours.

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There may be consequences for your friends, your family, and others, as well as those for you yourself. And what if you don’t? How do the consequences compare? Alternatively, never mind the consequences for a moment, just ask whether you can do A consistently with your own view of yourself – would it involve betraying ideals that till then you had valued and tried to live up to? How will you feel about having done it? Or again, however pleasant the consequences may be, would it run 21 What should I do?

But there is a very significant difference between Mill and Epicurus. e. happiness) for everybody. ’ For Mill, by contrast, the primary goal is, quite generally, happiness; so anyone else’s happiness is just as much your goal as is your own, and any person’s happiness is of equal value with anyone else’s. Mill’s aspirations went beyond his own society – he even writes of improving the condition of the whole of mankind. This was Victorian Britain, and the British Empire pretty much at its zenith (Mill himself worked for the East India Company for over thirty years).

Belief in it would then no longer be a matter of testimony alone, but also of widespread observation. We can, and do, demand that scientific results be replicable; we can’t demand a rerun of a miracle. Where for any reason no rerun is possible those making the improbable assertion have it too easy, and we ought to be as cautious in science as we should be in matters religious. It may be, though we cannot be certain, that this is what Hume was trying to say. In the imaginary situation he describes, the report of the eight-day darkness is found in all cultures.

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