By A. J. Ayer (auth.)
Read or Download Philosophical Essays PDF
Similar history & surveys books
Conceived initially as a significant presentation of the advance of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A heritage Of Philosophy has journeyed a ways past the modest objective of its writer to common acclaim because the most sensible heritage of philosophy in English. Copleston, an Oxford Jesuit of colossal erudition who as soon as tangled with A.
Heidegger’s Philosophic Pedagogy examines how Martin Heidegger conceives and includes out the duty of teaching humans in a existence decided by way of philosophic wondering. via an exposition of lately released lecture classes that Heidegger added within the years 1928-1935, his magnum opus, Being and Time, and different key texts, the writer indicates that the duty of schooling is principal to Heidegger’s knowing of philosophy.
Jean-Paul Sartre used to be probably the most targeted and vociferous social critics of the 20th century. As editor of the French post-war magazine Les Temps Modernes, Sartre was once in a position to supplement his literary and philosophical perspectives with essays dedicated to sensible moral and political concerns. The post-war period used to be probably the most fruitful, fascinating and bold sessions for Sartre's considering.
Misplaced Intimacy in American concept casts new mild on a specific strand of yankee philosophical writing that incorporates Henry David Thoreau, Henry Bugbee, and Stanley Cavell. opposed to the strictures of a very professionalized philosophy, those writers search to regain intimacy with position, others, and oneself.
- Writing and Difference (Routledge Classics)
- The Cambridge Descartes lexicon
- The Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Kierkegaard and Fear and Trembling
- The Reception of Erasmus in the Early Modern Period
- Paul Churchland (Contemporary Philosophy in Focus)
- Hume's Naturalism
Additional resources for Philosophical Essays
Truman are false. But, whatever may be the case with definite descriptions, it seems to me clear that we do not use proper names in such a way that failure to secure unique reference would render the statements which contained them false. As Mr. Strawson has argued, it is rather that we assume uniqueness of reference as a condition of treating such statements as candidates for truth or falsehood. I allow, therefore, that there are sentences of the English language, as it is ordinarily spoken, for which the language I have outlined would not be able to furnish logical equivalents.
But still, it will be argued, there is an important difference between them. Blueness is a ' true universal' : its instances have something positive in common, they share the common character of being blue. Eulbness, on the other hand, is not a true universal: its instances have nothing positive in common; an that unites them is that they fail to instantiate blueness. Even if we restrict the field to colour the same objection holds; for while an the instances of eulbness will then have it at least in common that they are an coloured, this will not suffice to make eulbness a true universal.
NEGATION Si Even SO, it will be said, there is a difference between blue and not-blue, which is not merely a difference of meaning or of specificity, and this difference is not removed by any such whimsical procedure as simply calling what is not blue 'euIb'. The use of 'not-bIue' presupposes the use of ' bIue' in a way that the use of 'blue' does not presuppose the use of 'not-blue'. , blue ' by pointing to instances of the property for which it stands: if the instances are numerous and varied he may come to understand what blueness is even though he has not yet learned the use of any negative signs.