By Susan M. Martin
This research examines the interplay among starting to be palm oil export construction and adjustments in Ngwa styles of foodstuff creation and relatives relatives through the 19th and 20th centuries. It demanding situations the arguments of either dependency and vent-for-surplus theorists at the dominance of export-sector advancements and the significance of adjustments initiated through Europeans. neighborhood styles of export development and capital funding are proven to were seriously encouraged through self sufficient adjustments in meals construction equipment, gender and inter-generational relationships. Ngwa manufacturers have been stricken by falling global costs, buying and selling monopolies and colonial taxation. throughout the Igbo Women's struggle of 1929, Ngwa girls protested vigorously opposed to executive interference and falling earning, yet did not opposite both development. the next lifestyles tales of Ngwa women and men, set opposed to a historical past of archival and anthropological proof, give you the crucial hyperlink among this old event and the present nationwide difficulties of rural-urban waft and moribund export industries.
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Additional info for Palm Oil and Protest: An Economic History of the Ngwa Region, South-Eastern Nigeria, 1800-1980 (African Studies)
A court prone to manipulation by powerful individuals would be a risky place for the powerless to bring their disputes. For the inter-war period, as will be shown in Chapter 7, more evidence exists to indicate that the courts were indeed used selectively by certain kinds of Ngwa people to settle certain kinds of dispute. 31 These contrasting accounts of the Obikabia incident also illustrate that district officers were unable to monitor the actions of warrant chiefs closely enough to prevent abuses.
However, it is possible to piece together a general picture of British colonial rule in eastern Nigeria from higher-level sources. In this chapter we will use this material, and the few available local records, to explain why the early colonial presence was so remote and to trace the origins of attitudes and policies that were later to affect Ngwa life more directly. British colonial rule was established slowly and piecemeal in eastern Nigeria, over a period of thirty years. 2 Financial constraints underlay this slow pace of action and continued to influence the development of economic and administrative policy in newly conquered regions.
45 During the period of the Atlantic slave trade, probably the main way in which village-level authority could be used for economic gain was through control of the process of law enforcement. 47 However, it is likely that the trade had more radical effects than simply strengthening the power of men who were already senior in lineage terms. Oriji has argued that the gains to be made from the trade by kidnappers and clandestine traders - rather than judges - led to the development of a new form of social organisation, linking the wealthy rather than the senior and crossing village boundaries.