By Raymond G. Stokes
This booklet investigates the explanations, direction, and results of the shift in West German chemical know-how from a coal to a petrol foundation among 1945 and 1961. It examines the historic underpinnings of technological tradition of the German chemical undefined; altering political and financial constraints on technological decision-making within the postwar interval; and the particular decision-making approach inside of 5 person companies. The study's major significance lies in its exact portrayal of decision-making inside of person chemical companies. by means of addressing a wide selection of broader concerns, as well--including the origins and impression of the department of Germany; the results of the Wirtschaftswunder, or monetary miracle; ecu integration; and the altering position of the West German Federal Republic within the foreign political order--this publication explains how West German regained after which retained a aggressive place in global markets.
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Additional resources for Opting for Oil: The Political Economy of Technological Change in the West German Industry, 1945-1961
Bosch's solution reflected his ingenuity. He directed that the pipes be made of two layers. The inner pipe, fashioned of softer, low-carbon steel, did not react with the hydrogen. To give it strength, it was encased in a high-strength steel pipe, which had holes bored in it to allow hydrogen molecules to escape. Supplying sufficiently pure gases proved another technical problem, but Bosch and his co-workers were able to solve 37 38 Haber, The Chemical Industry, 1900-1930, pp. 85-102; Harry A. Curtis, " A History of Nitrogen Fixation Processes," in Harry A.
30 BACKGROUND dyes: Forecasters were predicting that supplies of natural petroleum would be declining rapidly, while at the same time automobile production and thus the demand for fuel were on the rise. The curve for the extremely profitable synthetic-fuel product cycle would begin to rise just as synthetic-nitrogen profits would be leveling off. Moreover, because synthetic-fuel processes would be based on coal, Germany would be in a particularly advantageous position with its assured supplies of raw materials for synthetic fuels.
G. to seek government help for its production technologies, forced it to cut its research budget drastically. G. Farben continued to emphasize applied research. 67 Research and development (R&D) in the 64 65 67 fourth of the total, a far cry from the two-thirds to three-fourths proportions usually cited by, for instance, Joseph Borkin and Dietmar Petzina. See sources cited by Hayes, p. 182, n. 37. Hayes, Industry and Ideology, pp.