By Eckart Woertz
Within the wake of the worldwide meals drawback of 2008 heart japanese oil manufacturers introduced multi-billion investments to safe nutrition provides from out of the country. known as land grabs, such investments are on the center of the worldwide nutrition safeguard problem and positioned the center East within the highlight of simultaneous worldwide crises within the fields of foodstuff, finance, and effort. Water shortage here's so much said, import dependence becoming, and the hyperlinks among oil and nutrition are manifold starting from the economics of biofuels to weather switch and the availability of the most important enter elements like fuels and fertilizers. sooner or later, the center East won't in simple terms play a favourite position in international oil, but additionally in international nutrition markets, this time at the intake side.
In Oil for Food, Eckart Woertz analyzes the geopolitical implications in the back of the present funding force of Arab Gulf nations in nutrition insecure international locations like Sudan or Pakistan. Having lived in Dubai for seven years, and drawing on vast archival resources and interviews, he provides the interior tale of ways nearby foodstuff protection issues have built traditionally, how household agro-lobbies form coverage making, and the way the failed try and increase Sudan as an Arab bread-basket within the Nineteen Seventies incorporates very important classes for trendy investments drive.
The e-book argues opposed to the media hype that has been created round land grabs and analyzes why there was one of these hole among introduced initiatives and their real implementation. in its place, it demands a revision of Gulf nutrients safety rules and indicates coverage choices. it's crucial analyzing for teachers attracted to the political economic system of the Gulf zone and for practitioners in governments, media, and foreign companies who take care of modern foodstuff protection and effort matters.
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Extra resources for Oil for Food: The Global Food Crisis and the Middle East
3 MALTHUS NOT ANTE PORTAS: DOMESTIC AGRICULTURE AND THE LACK OF WATER Gulf countries are food secure—mostly. Their per capita incomes are comparable to developed countries. Qatar has the highest in the world, ahead of Luxemburg, Singapore, and Norway. Export earnings cover food imports many times over. The infrastructure to distribute food is available and meets international standards. 23 Food accessibility is often ensured by subsidies. If anything, there is a problem with an excessive intake of calories, unhealthy dietary patterns, and a lack of physical exercise.
The motivation and capacities of Gulf investors are compared with other international investors like China and Western ﬁnancial institutions. Basic problems of such land investments are discussed and potential conﬂicts with local stakeholders are outlined. Chapter 6 analyzes the failed attempt to develop Sudan as Arab bread-basket in the 1970s. Gulf governments hoped that Sudan with its huge land mass and considerable water resources could alleviate the vulnerability of imports and the threat of the food weapon.
Actual dietary intake by household and gender might differ considerably and can be better identiﬁed by surveys. Still, food balance sheets are the closest method one has to get a picture of the food provision of a country on a macro-level. 5). This is considerably higher than in the 65 66 Smil 2001: 204. ; Conway 1998; Conway and Barbier 2009; Conway and Pretty 2009. 5. Consumption patterns, share in total dietary energy consumption, 2005–07 (%) Food items Wheat Rice (milled equivalent) Sugar (raw equivalent) Oilsa Corn Sorghum, millet, and other cereals Vegetablesb Dates Poultry meat Mutton and goat meat Meat other Milk (whole and skimmed) Butter, ghee Eggs Cheese Fruits, otherd Total Misc.