By Sven Ove Hansson, Anthonie W. M. Meijers, Marc J. de Vries (auth.), Marc J. de Vries, Sven Ove Hansson, Anthonie W.M. Meijers (eds.)
This ebook is a particular fusion of philosophy and know-how, delineating the normative panorama that informs today’s applied sciences and tomorrow’s innovations. The authors study what we deem to be the inner norms that govern our ever-expanding technical universe. spotting that advancements in expertise and engineering actually create our human destiny, remodeling present wisdom into tomorrow’s instruments and infrastructure, they chart the normative standards we use to judge novel technological artifacts: how, for instance, will we pass judgement on a ‘good’ from a ‘bad’ professional procedure or nuclear energy plant? in addition to those ‘functional’ norms, and the norms that consultant technological wisdom and reasoning, the publication examines generally agreed benchmarks in defense and probability aid, which play a pivotal position in engineering practice.
Informed by means of the middle perception that, in know-how and engineering, actual wisdom pertaining to, for instance, to the houses of fabrics or the load-bearing features of differing building designs isn't really adequate, this research follows the customarily unseen foundations upon which applied sciences rest—the norms that consultant the inventive forces shaping the technical panorama to come back. The e-book, a entire survey of those rising themes within the philosophy of expertise, clarifies the function those norms (epistemological, sensible, and risk-assessing) play in technological innovation, and the implications they've got for our realizing of technological knowledge.
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Extra info for Norms in technology
N. Houkes Product Designing Designing Use plan Manufacturing Make plan Using Making Fig. 1 Agent roles and communication in the plan analysis and consultants. Only the subsidiary notion of product designing may distinguish the activities of (some) engineers from those of other ‘practical aides’. The plan analysis may be extended to other artefact-related activities, most notably production. There, making an artefact can be characterised as executing a make plan: a series of considered actions, possibly (and typically) including the manipulation of one or more tools, aimed at producing an object.
N. 2009. The nature of technological knowledge. M. ) 2009. Lemos, N. 2007. An introduction to the theory of knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 232 pp. L. ). 1998. Epistemology: The big questions. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. W. 1997. Laws of nature, natural history, and the description of the world. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11: 245–258. M. ). 2009. Philosophy of technology and engineering sciences, 1st edn. (Handbook philosophy of science), vol. 9, 1453 pp. Amsterdam: North Holland Mitcham, C.
3 Rules, Plans and the Normativity of Technological Knowledge 39 scientific in their method and not in their content: examples given are ‘the theory of airways management’ or of ‘inventory practices’ and, more generally, decision theory. This brief presentation suffices to show that Bunge’s analysis of technology is more detailed and varied than typically assumed. It may also be illuminating with respect to understanding the normativity of technological knowledge. Closer scrutiny, however, brings to light three main shortcomings for our present purposes.