By Gerardo Marletto, Simone Franceschini, Chiara Ortolani, Cécile Sillig
This publication used to be written for someone wishing to appreciate how sustainable eventualities emerge from present suggestions. It enhances present sustainability transition study through supplying a “socio-technical map,” an analytical and operational instrument that may be used to provide an explanation for the present positioning of innovators and their networks; to shape substitute transition pathways and eventualities; and to layout regulations for a sustainability transition. Drawing on a number of disciplinary techniques to the learn of “green” thoughts and focusing particularly on operational directives, it examines and assesses a number of transition pathways (and assisting networks). finally, it provides 3 sectorial case stories (urban mobility, agri-food, and lighting fixtures) to illustrate how the “socio-technical map” could be concretely positioned into practice.
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Extra resources for Mapping Sustainability Transitions: Networks of Innovators, Techno-economic Competences and Political Discourses
2 Sustainable Food Today: A Global Issue 29 shorter supply chains (or ‘food miles’),5 and from the ‘equity’ discourse the attention to both fair incomes to producers and fair prices to consumers. Also some trade-offs between discourses must be stressed. In particular, the ‘equity’ discourse is not consistent with the ‘localism’ and the ‘environmentalism’ discourses: because it is based on the import of food products from the global South (instead of the consumption of local products), and because more negative environmental impacts are generated by the needed intercontinental supply chains.
2 Alternative Discourses on Sustainable Food4 The today organization of the societal function of feeding is considered unsustainable because of several reasons. Multiple negative environmental impacts can be listed: the consumption of natural resources (land, water, non-renewable energy sources); the reduction of biodiversity; the perturbation of the global cycles of nytrogen, phosporus and CO2; the generation of harmful outputs (soil, water and air pollutants) and waste; the limited attention to animal welfare and the recurrent generation of epizootic diseases (mostly originated in highly intensive and industrialized agricultural contexts).
Examples of already established systems of this kind can be found in some capital cities too, such as Amsterdam, Bogotà, Copenhagen, Paris, Stockholm. 2 Discourses on (Sustainable) Urban Mobility Today urban mobility is considered unsustainable because of its negative environmental, social and economic impacts. Environmental impacts mostly refers to the generation of greenhouse gasses by internal combustion vehicles, in particular CO2; even electric urban vehicles (such as trolleys and subways) generate this kind of side effect when the electricity they use is produced from nonrenewable sources.