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By Gary W. Cox

This publication investigates strategic coordination in elections around the world. even though the classics of electoral stories have handled problems with coordination, this is often the 1st publication that employs a unified game-theoretic version to check strategic coordination--including either strategic balloting and strategic entry--worldwide and that is based totally on constituency-level instead of nationwide combination information in trying out theoretical propositions in regards to the results of electoral legislation.

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Extra info for Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems

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The reduction of possible to launched parties depends on many things: the level of preexisting nonpolitical organization that can be turned to political advantage; monetary resources; media access; and so on. , whites versus Aborigines in Australia). 9 Ethnic and linguistic identities can be manipulated. Laitin (1994), for example, gives an example of how British colonial policy gave tribal chieftans in Ghana an incentive to accentuate their linguistic differences. 26 Duverger's propositions The reduction of launched parties to known parties depends primarily on media access and money.

The middle column in the table indicates which system should have the larger number (or effective number) of parties. For example, in Australia the house and senate are both elected under single transferable vote (STV) rules but the senate districts all return more than one member, while the house districts are all single-member. Thus, one expects a greater number of parties competing in the Australian senate than in the Australian house. 1. First, Uruguay is too complicated to yield a clear prediction - at least I have not been able to come to a clear a priori expectation.

This leads into the empirical analysis of Chapter 11. Second, I note that there are modalities of strategic voting that do not operate to the detriment of small or weak parties, and that some electoral systems promote these kinds of strategic voting rather than the classic "wasted vote" kind. 33 PART II Strategic voting On electoral systems The primary purpose of this chapter is to develop a consistent set of abstract, non-country-specific terms that can be used to describe and classify electoral systems, especially as regards their coalition-promoting or -retarding properties.

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