Download Mahabharata Vol. 1 by Bibek Debroy (Trans.) PDF

By Bibek Debroy (Trans.)

The Mahabharata is among the maximum tales ever informed. even though the elemental plot is celebrated, there's even more to the epic than the dispute among the Kouravas and Pandavas that resulted in the conflict in Kurukshetra. It has innumerable sub-plots that accommodate attention-grabbing meanderings and digressions, and it has infrequently been translated in complete, given its ambitious size of 80,000 shlokas or couplets. This tremendous 10- quantity unabridged translation of the epic relies at the serious variation compiled on the Bhandarkar Oriental examine Institute.

Volume 1 includes so much of Adi Parva, within which a lot occurs earlier than the Kouravas and the Pandavas really arrive at the scene. This quantity covers the origins of the Kuru extended family; the tales of Poushya, Poulama and Astika; the births of the Kouravas and the Pandavas; the home of lac; the slaying of Hidimba and Baka; Droupadi’s marriage; and ends with the Pandavas acquiring their percentage of the kingdom.

Every achieveable human emotion figures within the Mahabharata, explanation why the epic keeps to carry sway over our mind's eye. during this lucid, nuanced and assured translation, Bibek Debroy makes the Mahabharata marvellouly available to modern readers.

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Additional resources for Mahabharata Vol. 1

Sample text

The conflict over dharma is not only the law versus morality conflict made famous by Krishna and Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita. It pervades the Mahabharata, in terms of a conflict over two different notions of dharma. Having collectively married Droupadi, the Pandavas have agreed that when one of them is closeted with Droupadi, the other four will not intrude. And if there is such an instance of intrusion, they will go into self-exile. Along comes a Brahmana whose cattle have been stolen by thieves.

The self-possessed Shatajyoti had ten times that number and Sahasrajyoti had ten times the number of offspring Shatajyoti had. From them were descended the line of the Kurus, the Yadus and the Bharatas, the lines of Yayati, Ikshvaku and all the rajarshis. Many other lineages and diverse living beings were created and their various places of residence. ‘The three mysteries of knowledge—the Vedas, yoga17 and vijnana18—were created, as were dharma, artha and kama. The sage saw the various shastras, interspersed with dharma, artha and kama, and the rules of conduct for the world.

Bharata’s grandson was Kuru. We often tend to think of the Kouravas as the evil protagonists in the Mahabharata story and the Pandavas as the good protagonists. Since Kuru was a common ancestor, the appellation Kourava applies equally to Yudhishthira and his brothers and Duryodhana and his brothers. Kuru’s grandson was Shantanu. Through Satyavati, Shantanu fathered Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. However, the sage Parashara had already fathered Krishna Dvaipayana through Satyavati. And Shantanu had already fathered Bhishma through Ganga.

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