By J. Cortés (Editor)
Lots of the coral reefs of the yankee continent: the Brazilian waters, the Caribbean Sea and the japanese Pacific Ocean are in Latin American international locations, the topic of this booklet. For the 1st time, info on coral reefs of the sort of titanic zone is mined from studies, imprecise journals, collage thesis and clinical journals, summarized and awarded in a manner either obtainable and informative for the reader in addition to for the coral reef specialist. The chapters of the booklet, divided via kingdom and ocean, have been written via both scientists from the international locations or through those who recognize the world good. Reefs no longer documented long ago are defined intimately the following, together with place maps. The traditional and anthropogenic affects affecting the reefs are provided, in addition to sections on administration, conservation and laws in every one nation. Nineteen chapters, plus an advent, current info of coral reefs from Brazil to Mexico, and from Chile to Cuba.
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Additional resources for Latin American Coral Reefs
Small colonies of the endemic species Siderastrea stellata and Favia gravida are the only corals that inhabit this reef environment. Increased coastal sedimentation during the regression subjected the reefs to the influence of a highly siliciclastic sediment influx. Data from several areas along the northeast and east coasts of Brazil shows that the nearshore reefs are located in a sedimentary province dominated by terrigenous sediments, either relict or modem. In the northeastern region, for example, the sediments onshore the reefs of Rio do Fogo and Sioba (Fig.
The reef front has two distinct features: on the windward side (east and southeast sides) it is an abrupt, nearly vertical wall to depth of about 10 m where a talus deposit occurs. On the lee side a spur-and-groove system develops to depths of about 20 m. There are two sandy cays on the western side of the atoll: the Cemiterio islet that is 2 m high, and the Farol islet about 3 rn high. Although not widespread, corals and hydrocorals occur in protected areas, mainly in the lagoon, within the pools, and in some grooves of the reef front (Kikuchi 1994; Kikuchi and Leao 1997).
Eolian environmems-their characteristics, recognition and importance. K. L. ), Recognition of Ancient Sedimentary Environments. SEPM, Spec. Publ. 16: 12-14. P. L. Dominguez & L. Martin. 1986. The Quaternary coastal deposits of the state of Alagoas: influence of the relative sealevel changes. In: J. ), Quaternary of South America and Antarctic Peninsula. Balkema Publ. 4: 269- 290. B. Castro & C. Rohlfs. 1982. Notas sobre Solanderia gracilis Duchassaing & Michelin, 1846 do Parcel de Abrolhos, Bahia.