By Robert J. Pekkanen, Ethan Scheiner, Steven R. Reed
Gathering unique and high quality research via most sensible students from Japan, the USA, Australia, and Europe, this quantity analyzes the result of the 2014 election, interpreting all of the significant political events, important coverage concerns, crusade practices, and considers how the implications have been used as a mandate for large coverage reform.
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Extra resources for Japan Decides 2014: The Japanese General Election
Nikkei Business Online, 18 December 2014. jp/article/topics/20141218/275309. Laakso, Markku and Rein Taagepera (1979). Effective number of parties: A measure with application to West Europe. Comparative Political Studies 12(1): 3–27. Moser, Robert G. and Ethan Scheiner (2012). Electoral systems and political context: How the effects of rules vary across new and established democracies. New York: Cambridge University Press. Pempel, T. J. (1998). Regime shift: Comparative dynamics of the Japanese political economy.
For the five prefectures that lost, some districts changed names but remained largely the same geographically. 3 Redistricting in Saga 2nd District is mostly made up of the old Fukui 3rd District. The new Fukui 1st District combines much of the old 1st and 2nd Districts. Similarly, the new Yamanashi 1st District includes all of the old 3rd District and the western part of the old 2nd District. The new Pekkanen et al. org. Yamanashi 2nd District includes parts of the old 1st and 2nd Districts. In Tokushima Prefecture, the southern part of the 3rd District was incorporated into the 1st District, while the northern part was split between the 1st District and 2nd District.
Ironically, however, this decreased candidate entry may have also contributed to lower voter turnout at the SMD level – thus further dampening the opposition’s ability to challenge the ruling coalition by attracting the support of casual voters. In many districts, the main opposition parties sat out altogether, abandoning competition to the ruling coalition and the JCP. As a result, even more voters stayed home in 2014 than in 2012. Japan’s electoral system The electoral system for the HR is a parallel “mixed-member” system that combines 295 SMD seats allocated by plurality rule and 180 proportional representation (PR) seats separately allocated in 11 regional districts that vary in magnitude (number of seats) from 6 (in the Shikoku region) to 29 (in the Kinki region).