By Guglielmo Cinque
Guglielmo Cinque is likely one of the world's major theoretical syntacticians, and is especially identified for his program of contemporary conception to the research of Italian. This quantity brings jointly 11 of his essays, a few released right here for the 1st time and others no longer hitherto simply to be had. Cinque explores a variety of points of Italian syntax, and compares Italian with the syntax of alternative Romance, and likewise Germanic, languages. This quantity can be welcomed via all these engaged on Italian syntax, and on theoretical syntax extra commonly.
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Additional info for Italian syntax and universal grammar
All that we say below can accommodate the other assumption with only minor changes. 3. ) has no role in the syntax internal to the NP in Italian. Its absence in this domain may perhaps be related to the fact that the bare NP complement to the N is not marked for case in its base position nor can it receive it in the specifier position to the left of the N (we assume this latter case to be what differentiates Italian from English). 3 for a somewhat more detailed discussion of this issue. As a consequence of this, more of the work will have to be put on redundancy rules.
La descrizione degli avvenimenti di Giorgio24 the descriptions of the events of G. b. la sua descrizione degli avvenimenti his description of the events (27) a. la 24 descriz. di gli aw. di G. Sentences like this have an alternative, irrelevant, parsing with the second PP within the NP of the first PP. Extraction from NP in Italian 23 (sua) gli aw. The definition of subject and object will mark the NP gli avvenimenti as the object of the N" in both (a) and (b) and Giorgio, and the NP under sua, as the subject of the N" in (a) and (b), respectively.
Finally the non-ambiguity of (30c) and (30d) falls out too. Given that the possessive adjective is generated under N", the NP under it will only be interpreted as the subject of the NP. So the fact that (30c) // tuo desiderio and (30d) // mio desiderio di te only mean, respectively, "You desire someone/something" and "I desire you" (not "Someone desires you" or "You desire me") is in fact expected. We will extend now the framework built so far to the other classes of Ns that are related to transitive Vs.