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By Gunnar J. Weimann

In 2000 and 2001, twelve northern states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria brought Islamic legal legislation as considered one of a couple of measures aiming at "reintroducing the shari'a." instantly after its adoption, defendants have been sentenced to loss of life by way of stoning or to amputation of the hand. except a number of good publicised trials, besides the fact that, the quantity and nature of situations attempted less than Islamic legal legislations are little recognized. in keeping with a pattern of trials, the current thesis discusses the creation of Islamic legal legislation and the evolution of judicial perform in the areas ancient, cultural, political and spiritual context. The creation of Islamic felony legislations was once initiated by means of politicians and supported through Muslim reform teams, yet its power results have been quickly mitigated on better judicial degrees and facets of the legislation have been contained via neighborhood directors.

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After a prolonged appeal, he was acquitted in August 2003 on grounds of insan102 “Jigawa sets up c’ttee to review courts’ performance,” Daily Trust, 13/01/2003, 18. Furthermore, on page 2 of its 18-24 January 2003 edition, Weekly Trust mentions, without specifying a period of time, 2,858 cases under Islamic criminal law registered in Jigawa State, of which 2,575 had been treated. 6m Counterpart Funding,” This Day, 02/10/2004. 104 Bello Abdulkadir (February 2002); Abdulkadir Garba (September 2002); Abdulsalam Garba and his girl friend Ladi Muhammad (September 2002); and Abba Bashir (on two counts in December 2002 and January 2003).

2 robbers face amputation in Sokoto,” Daily Trust, 20/12/2001, 1; and “Sharia court orders amputation of hands, legs in Sokoto,” The Guardian (Nigeria), 20/12/2001, print edition. 89 “Eyewitness: Nigeria’s Sharia amputees,” BBC News, 19/12/2002. 90 Hawa’u Garba and Hussaini Mamman (June 2001); Abubakar Aliyu (July 2001); Safiyya Yakubu Hussaini and Yakubu Abubakar (October 2001); Aisha Musa (2001); Hafsatu Abubakar and Umaru Shehu (January 2002); and Maryam Abubakar Bodinga (October 2002). The trials of Hafsatu Abubakar and Umaru Shehu, as well as Maryam Abubakar Bodingo ended with the defendants being discharged and acquitted.

The reintroduction of the sharīʿa, in particular the imposition of strict sexual morals, serves as an identity marker among Muslims by creating the impression that corruption and decadence are the result of a loss of Muslim values. Hence the emphasis on sexual morality. The popular support that has resulted from this identity building has, at least in the initial phase, spread throughout northern Nigeria. It can be assumed that religious lobby groups have played a role in this rapid propagation.

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