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Extra info for Introduction to Generators and Motors
For this reason, the ac generator will be discussed first. The dc generator will be discussed later. An elementary generator (fig. 1-2) consists of a wire loop placed so that it can be rotated in a stationary magnetic field. This will produce an induced emf in the loop. Sliding contacts (brushes) connect the loop to an external circuit load in order to pick up or use the induced emf. —The elementary generator. The pole pieces (marked N and S) provide the magnetic field. The pole pieces are shaped and positioned as shown to concentrate the magnetic field as close as possible to the wire loop.
State the three classifications of dc generators. 15. State the term that applies to voltage variation from no-load to full-load conditions and how it is expressed as a percentage. 16. State the term that describes the use of two or more generators to supply a common load. 17. State the purpose of a dc generator that has been modified to function as an amplidyne. INTRODUCTION A generator is a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by using the principle of magnetic induction.
The next step is to add another set of brushes. These now become the output brushes of the amplidyne. They are placed against the commutator in a position perpendicular to the original brushes, as shown in figure 1-24. The previously shorted brushes are now called the "quadrature" brushes. This is because they are in quadrature (perpendicular) to the output brushes. The output brushes are in line with the armature flux. Therefore, they pick off the voltage induced in the armature windings at this point.