By Shlomo Giora Shoham, Ori Beck, Martin Kett
On the outset of the twenty-first century, greater than nine million everyone is held in custody in over 2 hundred international locations world wide. --from the essay ''Prisons and Jails'' by means of Ron King the 1st comparative learn of this more and more necessary social topic, overseas guide of Penology and felony Justice offers a accomplished and balanced overview of the philosophy and practicality of punishment. Drawn from the services of students and researchers from worldwide, this booklet covers the speculation, perform, background, and empirical proof surrounding crime prevention, id, retribution, and incarceration. It analyzes the efficacy of either conventional tools and considering in addition to novel suggestions and methods. starting with a examine of the altering angle of penal perform in Florida from one in every of criminal transformation to 1 of risk-management, imprisonment, surveillance, and keep watch over, this quantity embarks on an goal and sober appraisal of each point of the sector. Contributions think about the sociology of incarcerated prisoners together with the expanding occurrence of criminal suicides. The e-book evaluates arguments concerning the world-wide abolition of capitol punishment from ethical, utilitarian, and functional positions. It examines non-incarcerative and replacement punishments corresponding to monetary recovery and regulations of liberty, in addition to the optimistic results of sufferer criminal Mediation. It additionally considers a number of tools aimed toward attaining measurable crime prevention together with selecting at-risk juveniles and minimizing crimes of chance, in addition to the professionals and cons of making use of the coercive energy of police. additional essays examine matters resembling foreign policing, the jobs of prosecution and safety lawyers, present discretionary sentencing practices, and the position and remedy of sufferers. the quantity concludes with chapters of case stories that offer a ''hands-on'' think for the interaction of the options mentioned.
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Extra resources for International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice
The debate centered upon multiple concerns including disparity in sentencing and problems with prison overcrowding. Beginning in 1983, a set of pretested sentencing guidelines became law, and in the same year, Florida enacted community control, also known as house arrest. House arrest was intended as a get-tough alternative to prison for nonforcible felony cases, with prisons serving only the more serious and violent offenders who posed the greatest risk to the community. The 1983 sentencing guidelines were promoted as a Truth-in-Sentencing policy.
Under surveillance: An empirical test of the effectiveness and consequences of electronic monitoring. Criminology and Public Policy 5: 61. Sundberg, A. , K. Plante, and D. Braziel. 1983. Florida’s initial experience with sentencing guidelines. Florida State Law Review 11: 125. , et al. 1999a. The Amity Prison TC evaluation. Criminal Justice and Behavior 26: 147. Wexler, H. et al. 1999b. Three-year reincarceration outcomes for Amity in-prison therapeutic community and aftercare in California. The Prison Journal 79: 321.
Tallahassee. Garland, D. 2001. The Culture of Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. New York: Oxford University Press. Griswold, D. B. 1985. Florida’s sentencing guidelines: Progression or regression. Federal Probation 49: 25. Lemert, E. M. 1993. Vision of social control: Probation considered. Crime and Delinquency. 39: 447. Padgett, K. , W. D. Bales, and T. G. Blomberg. 2006. Under surveillance: An empirical test of the effectiveness and consequences of electronic monitoring. Criminology and Public Policy 5: 61.