By Jon Stewart
The historical past of Continental philosophy is usually conceived as being represented via significant colleges: German idealism and phenomenology/existentialism. those colleges are often juxtaposed with a purpose to spotlight their purported radical alterations. there's a often held view that an abrupt holiday happened within the 19th century, leading to a disdainful rejection of idealism in all its types. This holiday is frequently positioned within the transition from Hegel to Kierkegaard. The heritage of philosophy within the first half the 19th century has hence been learn as a grand disagreement among the overambitious rationalistic procedure of Hegel and the devastating criticisms of it by way of Kierkegaard's philosophy of life. This paintings goals to undermine this well known view of the unconventional holiday among idealism and existentialism by way of a chain of designated reports in particular episodes of ecu proposal. As a complete, this ebook represents a major try to display the lengthy shadow solid via Kant and Hegel over the next historical past of ecu philosophy.
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Additional resources for Idealism and Existentialism: Hegel and Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century European Philosophy
47 In the literature it has been extremely difficult to make out any sort of meaningful connection between the analysis of religious consciousness in the “Unhappy Consciousness” and the natural scientific understanding of the world in “Observing Reason” that would serve as a bridge or connecting link between these two chapters. 48 This has been interpreted as evidence that Hegel changed his agenda in the course of composing this part of the text. ”49 In the “Reason” chapter the epistemological analyses of “Consciousness” are apparently absent, and the confrontation of the two self-conscious subjects from the “Self-Consciousness” chapter is nowhere to be found.
Although he had already sent off the first half of the text shortly after Easter of 1806, he was under tremendous pressure to complete the manuscript by 18 October of that year. This was the deadline set by his publisher, Goebhardt, who was appeased only after Hegel’s friend Niethammer offered to personally pay the printing costs if Hegel failed to deliver the rest of the manuscript on time. 34 On 8 October Hegel sent part of the second half of the manuscript, and had to finish the rest of the work in great haste to meet the deadline.
69 Chapter 2 Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit as a Systematic Fragment The inherent problem with any philosophy that claims to be systematic is as easy to pose as it is troublesome to solve: namely, how do the parts of the system hang together? Of all the great systems in the history of philosophy, perhaps none has been subject to as much criticism as Hegel’s. ’ ”1 Likewise, even as great an admirer of Hegel as John Dewey writes: “The form, the schematism, of his [sc. ”2 The tendency to shy away from Hegel’s own statements about the systematic nature of his philosophy is doubtless due to the complexity and opacity of the Hegelian system, which have baffled scholars since Hegel’s own time.