By Rosalind Carey
Educational thinker, truth seeker, public highbrow, educator, political activist, and freethinker, Bertrand Russell was once and is still a colossus. No different unmarried thinker within the final two hundred years may be acknowledged to have created lots and inspired such a lot of. His Principia Mathematica, written with A. N. Whitehead, ranks as one of many maximum books on good judgment because Aristotle. His philosophical paintings on language, which means, good judgment, brain, and metaphysics shaped the root of 20th-century philosophy. Russell was once lively in several political activities of liberation and peace, and his renowned writings, together with the best-selling History of Western Philosophy, gained the Nobel prize in literature in 1950.
Historical Dictionary of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy deals a accomplished, present consultant to the various aspects of Russell's paintings. via its chronology, introductory essay, bibliography, and enormous quantities of cross-referenced dictionary entries on recommendations, humans, works, and technical phrases, Russell's influence on philosophy and similar fields is made available to the reader during this must-have reference.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements)
If we let ‘0’ mean ‘100,’ and so on. As a result, Russell complains, we can say (using the last case as an example) that 101 + 102 = 103. Since there are an infinite number of series that satisfy the Peano axioms—indeed, even nonnumeric progressions will satisfy the axioms—this means, says Russell, that by ‘the number two’ one could mean the third entity in the series of any of those series, and since it is possible to define a series with the third element being anything at all, ‘2’ could mean anything.
ADMINISTRATOR’S FALLACY. Russell first introduced his concept of the administrator’s fallacy in The Prospects of Industrial Civilization (1923); he elaborated on it in Authority and the Individual (1949). This fallacy, he says, occurs by viewing society as a systematic whole and finding it good if it is pleasant to observe from afar—as a well-ordered and well-organized whole—without considering whether that society brings a good life to the individuals who make it up. In 1923, Russell explains the administrator’s fallacy as arising from Hegelian idealism, or holistic organicism, where an entity such as a state is taken to be more than the sum of its parts—the citizens—so that the good of the state is not the same as the sum of 4 • ADULTERY the good of its citizens, and what is good for the state is not necessarily good for its citizens.
CHRONOLOGY • xxix 1968 Volume 2 of The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell is published in April. Russell sells his papers to McMaster University to raise money for the International War Crimes Tribunal. 1969 Volume 3 of The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell is published in May. Dear Bertrand Russell, selections of his correspondence with the general public from 1950 to 1968, is published in September. 1970 Russell dies at his home in Penrhyndeudraeth, Wales, on 2 February at the age of 97. Introduction In many respects, our modern conception of the philosopher is derived from pictures of Bertrand Russell, sitting white haired, determined, and frail among the youthful antiwar demonstrators of the 1960s.