Download High Life: A History of High-Altitude Physiology and by John B. West PDF

By John B. West

The background of high-altitude body structure and medication is one of these wealthy and colourful subject that it really is staggering nobody has undertaken a accomplished account prior to. From the early balloonists to numerous high-altitude expeditions, culminating within the nice feat of mountaineering Mount Everest with out supplementary oxygen, the elemental organic problem of hypoxia has underpinned the human event at excessive altitude. Of key significance in different components of medication together with pulmonology, serious care, anesthesiology and cardiology, this subject can also be of basic curiosity to different lifestyles sciences akin to biology and ecology, simply because hypoxia is encountered via many organisms during the animal kingdom.
High Life covers the subject from its earliest beginnings with the Greeks to the final or 3 years, and highlights many geographical destinations, comparable to China, Japan, India and Russia. together with 185 illustrations, over 800 references, and 3 appendixes detailing the chronology of major occasions, databases of high-altitude guides, tables of high-altitude destinations, an inventory of classical books at the subject and narratives of classical and sleek high-altitude expeditions, this publication is a accomplished reference textual content which can be of worth to an individual drawn to excessive altitude and hypoxia.

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Sample text

Hence it lies revealed to the senses that, as the blood passes out through these twisting divided vessels, it is not poured into spaces, but is always passed through tubules and is distributed by the many windings of the vessels. (Malpighi, 1661) Not only was this the first description of the pulmonary capillaries but it was the first time that the capillaries anywhere had been identified. This critical discovery linked for the first time the arteries and the veins, and provided an anatomical basis for the circulation of the blood as proved by Harvey.

He showed interest in mechanical toys as a child and, because his poor health was thought to make him unsuited to the Church, he turned to science. While in Oxford he became Boyle's assistant and participated in the construction of Boyle's first air pump (Fig. 16). In 1660 he moved to London and was one of the founders of the Royal Society. At Boyle's request he was made curator, and as such, one of his tasks was to demonstrate "three or four considerable experiments" for each weekly meeting of the Society.

They showed that combustible substances would only burn in the presence of air, and that they would burn longer in compressed air than in common air, and for a shorter time in rarified air. The same was true of animals such as birds which survived longer at higher air pressures than at lower pressures in a confined space. The implication was HIGH LIFE 36 strong that some portion of the air was consumed in both respiration and combustion. However, both Boyle and Hooke failed in their attempts to demonstrate that part of the air was consumed because, as we know, the oxidation of carbon, by combustion or respiration, produces a nearly equal volume of carbon dioxide.

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