By Robert B. Pippin
This is often an important publication on Hegel to have seemed some time past ten years. the writer deals a very new interpretation of Hegel's idealism that specializes in Hegel's appropriation and improvement of Kant's theoretical venture. Hegel is gifted neither as a pre-critical metaphysician nor as a social theorist, yet as a severe thinker whose disagreements with Kant, specifically at the factor of intuitions, increase the idealist arguments opposed to empiricism, realism, and naturalism. within the face of the dismissal of absolute idealism as both unintelligible or incredible, Pippin explains and defends an unique account of the philosophical foundation for Hegel's claims in regards to the ancient and social nature of self-consciousness and of information itself.
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Extra resources for Hegel's Idealism: The Satisfactions of Self-Consciousness
He establishes a real, direct, uniform and (ordinarily) necessary connection between the event and its natural cause. As such, an act will be produced, in a real sense, by its human agent; and there will be a real and direct link between the internal state of the agent and his action. 128 129 130 Mab§Èith, 2, 507–8. Reading ‘måjid’ instead of ‘muwajjih’. Maã§lib, 3, 73. 44 chapter one Al-R§zÊ develops his theory of action under the influence of various sources—falsafÊ, Ash#arÊ and Mu#tazilÊ—but he puts forth a unique solution.
Al-R§zÊ’s second proof is as follows. Knowledge is either conception (taßawwur) or assertion (taßdÊq), the former being apprehension (idr§k) without judgement (Èukm), and the latter being, according to al-R§zÊ, apprehension with a judgement of fact. He first argues that conceptions are not acquired. For if I try to acquire a conception, I will either have awareness (shu#år) of the essence to be conceptualised, 80 81 82 This is discussed p. 118–20 infra. Jabr, 43–4. Jabr, 101–10; cf. Arba#Ên, 235–7; TafsÊr, 24, 179.
35 Maã§lib, 3, 9. 36 Maã§lib, 3, 13. 37 Maã§lib, 3, 14–6. 33 22 chapter one habit, social custom, and an agent’s expectation of praise or benefit in consequence to his acts. Also, each of these three types of cognitive states (knowledge, belief and presumption) includes motives that vary widely in strength; hence, the presumption that relies on a single informant’s account of an event generally constitutes a weaker motive than that which relies on multiple accounts, which, in turn, constitutes a weaker motive than witnessing the event oneself.