Download Heads up! : early warning systems for climate-, water- and by Michael H. Glantz PDF

By Michael H. Glantz

This booklet offers a evaluation of early caution platforms in operation, whereas exploring a number of dangers together with hurricanes, warmth waves, floods, droughts, tsunami and volcanoes.--Publisher's description.

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Extra info for Heads up! : early warning systems for climate-, water- and weather-related hazards

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This truism, however, suggests another weakness in early warning systems, because communities or groups at risk are ultimately the ones that should be warned as soon as possible to provide them with as much lead-time as necessary to mitigate the effects of a hazard; however, at-risk people often do not have the resources needed to cope with a forecasted hazard. Consequently, governments, which possess more resources to respond to foreseeable hazards than individuals or groups, often need to be informed first.

For example, sea level continues to rise; 96 per cent of the world’s glaciers are receding; warm climate ecosystems are moving upslope to higher altitudes and into previously cooler climates and latitudes; and exotic species and disease vectors are appearing in new locations poleward, adjusting to warmer winters and hotter summers. Droughts seem to be recurring with greater frequency and intensity in some droughtprone locations, and floods are doing the same in flood-prone locations. Additionally, Arctic sea ice has been disappearing at an increased rate, drawing nearer and nearer every year to a dangerous tipping point beyond which an ice-free Arctic will no longer be avoidable.

A Hurricane Warning can remain in effect even though winds may be less than hurricane force when dangerously high water or a combination of dangerously high water and exceptionally high waves are present in the warning area. (CPC, 2006) Twice a year, in May and August, the US Climate Prediction Center (CPC) posts the Hurricane Outlook Discussion, which analyses climate influences on and expected hurricane activity in the Atlantic and Caribbean Basins from June to November. The word hurricane derives from the Spanish huracán, which originally came from the dialects of peoples indigenous to the Caribbean and Latin America.

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