By National Research Council, Transportation Research Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board, Committee on Transportation of Radioactive Waste
This new file from the nationwide learn Council's Nuclear and Radiation reports Board (NRSB) and the Transportation learn Board studies the dangers and technical and societal issues for the delivery of spent nuclear gasoline and high-level radioactive waste within the usa. Shipments are anticipated to extend because the U.S. division of strength opens a repository for spent gas and high-level waste at Yucca Mountain, and the industrial nuclear considers developing a facility in Utah for transitority garage of spent gasoline from a few of its nuclear waste vegetation. The document concludes that there are not any primary technical limitations to the secure shipping of spent nuclear gas and high-level radioactive and the radiological dangers of delivery are good understood and customarily low. notwithstanding, there are various demanding situations that needs to be addressed earlier than large-quantity delivery courses might be carried out effectively. between those are coping with "social" dangers. The record doesn't supply an exam of the protection of shipments opposed to malevolent acts yet recommends that such an exam be conducted.
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Additional resources for Going the Distance?: The Safe Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in the United States
2. At present, what are the principal technical and societal concerns for transporting radioactive waste? To what extent have these concerns been addressed, and what additional work is needed? 3. What are likely to be the key principal technical and societal concerns for radioactive waste transportation in the future, especially over the next two decades? 4. What options are available to address these concerns, for example, options involving changes to planned transportation routes, modes, procedures, or other limitations/restrictions; or options for improving the communication of transportation risks to decision makers and the public?
RECOMMENDATION: DOE should identify and make public its suite of preferred highway and rail routes for transporting spent fuel and high-level waste to a federal repository as soon as practicable to support state, tribal, and local planning, especially for emergency responder preparedness. DOE should follow the practices of its foreign research reactor spent fuel transport program of involving states and tribes in these route selections to obtain access to their familiarity with accident rates, traffic and road conditions, and emergency responder preparedness within their jurisdictions.
AAs noted previously, the United States does not currently reprocess commercial spent fuel, but power-reactor fuel is reprocessed by some other countries. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Going the Distance? html 37 INTRODUCTION Top: Fuel rods are bundled together into fuel assemblies as shown here. These fuel assemblies are for a boiling water reactor. Bottom: Canister of high-level waste from the West Valley Demonstration Project. 6 meter) in diameter, 10 feet (3 meters) long, and weighs about 2 metric tons.