Download Global Energy Economics and Climate Protection Report 2009 by Valentin Crastan PDF

By Valentin Crastan

The international strength Economics and weather safety file 2009 compiles the basic symptoms that are essential to check the weather evolution and security. The record explains an important evidence and symptoms, exhibits the knowledge for all vital areas of the realm and reviews at the info with a spotlight at the key avid gamers. therefore, the document presents with the real proof and the information essential to for a quantitative weather discussion.

The Annex of the record provides a concise evaluation at the basics of strength financial system, a short research of the worldwide power financial system, and a desk of the most CO2 Emissions – looked after in keeping with international locations and sectors (Electricity, gas, Heating).

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Singapore, which is economically developed, at around 200 g CO2/$, is better than EU-15. Taiwan at nearly 400 g CO2/$, has significantly less sustainability. Far removed from any sustainability are the energy economies of North Korea and Mongolia with more than 1200 g CO2/$. CO2 emissions indicator, g CO2/$ rest of Asia/Oceania, 2007 Nepal Sri Lanka Cambodia remaining countries Bangladesh Myanmar Singapore Philippines Brunei Pakistan rest of Asia/Oceania Taiwan Vietnam Thailand Indonesia Malaysia North Korea Mongolia 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 g CO2/$ ($ of 2007) Figure 20.

Of this energy, 52 000 TW are directly reflected back into space as short-wave radiation, while 121 000 TW are absorbed, converted and finally, since the earth is in thermal equilibrium, returned into space as long-wave radiation. g. by means of heat pumps. 4 Solar energy balance of the world 56 Annex The remaining third drives the world’s weather by evaporating water and creating differences of pressure and temperature; this energy occurs as potential energy (water content of clouds, flowing water and glaciers) and as kinetic energy (wind, ocean currents, waves).

7). 3 Historical review The uses made of final energy have changed only little and slowly since the beginnings of human history. Only the range of available energy carriers is much greater, and the technologies of energy conversion and usage have become more numerous, efficient and convenient. Mechanical work Today, as in previous times, mechanical work is used for acquiring and creating goods, for providing services and for transporting goods and people. The muscular efforts of humans and animals were prerequisites for survival in almost all early societies, both for the hunter-gatherers and even more so for the farmers.

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