By Romain Garbaye
This publication offers a comparability of the styles of ethnic minority politics in British and French urban politics.A comparability of the participation of ethnic minorities in British and French citiesIncludes direct comparisons of specific towns Birmingham, Lille and RoubaixShows how ethnic and cultural range interprets into political clash in numerous political systemsConsiders sorts of political mobilisation of ethnic minorities within the context of city political platforms, in addition to the techniques utilized by get together leaders and to control ethnic range in political competitionAnalyses how ethnic and cultural variety in city societies interprets into conflictual politicsEnhances our realizing of neighborhood politics and of the evolution of political illustration in industrialised democracies
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Additional resources for Getting Into Local Power: The Politics of Ethnic Minorities in British and French Cities (Studies in Urban and Social Change)
100–22). , 1969; Rex and Moore, 1967; Rex and Tomlinson, 1979). France also passed a law against racial discrimination in 1972, but with less emphasis on discrimination against extra-European immigrants, and, indeed, it has had a very limited impact up to now. It also proved virtually impossible to implement because it made racial discrimination a criminal offence, where the task of establishing proof of the crime lies with the prosecution. Arguably, this lack of enthusiasm for strongly enforced anti-discrimination laws on the part of French elites derived from the fact that those most concerned with the issue were pressure groups related to the Communist Party.
Significant waves of mobilization in local representative politics happened at approximately the same periods of time in France and Britain. In the late 1970s, both ‘black’ and ‘Asian’ community leaders and political activists were starting to appear on local scenes. They were from various backgrounds: church-based groups for African-Caribbeans, Muslim leaders from the Pakistani and increasingly the Bangladeshi community, anti-racist activists, and left-wing unionists and party activists, all concerned with local politics.
Their general interest is to stay in power, and, to this end, to maintain law and order and to sustain continued electoral support for themselves. The presence of a large ethnic minority population within the territorial boundaries of local government has become a challenge to these objectives, because it creates a new socio-economic cleavage that translates into political conflict. It is in this perspective that ethnic minorities can be defined as populations which share an interest in agendas of struggle against racial discrimination and recognition of cultural and religious difference in various policy areas, in particular education and the construction of custom-built places of worship.