By Karen E. Ferree
Post-apartheid South African elections have borne an unmistakable racial imprint: Africans vote for one set of events, whites help a distinct set of events, and with few exceptions, there's no crossover balloting among teams. those vote casting traits have solidified the dominance of the ruling African nationwide Congress (ANC) over South African politics and grew to become South African elections into "racial censuses." This publication explores the political resources of those results. It argues that even if the beginnings of those styles lie in South Africa's prior, within the results apartheid had on electorate' ideals approximately race and future and the reputations events solid in this interval, the persistence of the census displays the ruling party's skill to take advantage of the powers of workplace to avoid the competition from evolving clear of its apartheid-era get together label. by means of holding key competition events "white," the ANC has rendered them powerless, solidifying its carry on strength inspite of an more and more restive and disenchanted voters.
Read or Download Framing the Race in South Africa: The Political Origins of Racial-Census Elections PDF
Best elections books
Because the very beginning of democracy in historical Greece, the straightforward act of balloting has given upward push to mathematical paradoxes that experience questioned many of the maximum philosophers, statesmen, and mathematicians. Numbers Rule strains the epic quest via those thinkers to create a extra excellent democracy and adapt to the ever-changing calls for that every new iteration areas on our democratic associations.
In an international the place internet companies could make real-time information available to a person, how can the govt. leverage this openness to enhance its operations and bring up citizen participation and understanding? via a suite of essays and case experiences, major visionaries and practitioners either inside and out of presidency percentage their rules on easy methods to in achieving and direct this rising global of on-line collaboration, transparency, and participation.
This essay is a spouse to my very own Globalistan, released in early 2007, which I outlined as a warped geopolitical go back and forth publication. I argued then that during a context of re-medievalization - the realm fragmented into "stans" - we're now dwelling an intestinal warfare, an undeclared international civil warfare. Borrowing from Zygmunt Bauman's thought of liquid modernity, I known as it Liquid struggle - and never merely end result of the worldwide scramble for "black gold" oil and "blue gold" fuel.
Veteran journalist David Corn—Washington Bureau leader for mom Jones journal and long island instances bestselling writer of Hubris (with Michael Isikoff) and The Lies of George W. Bush—now brings us Showdown, the dramatic inside of tale of Barack Obama’s struggle to avoid wasting his presidency. With Bob Woodward-esque perception and narrative aptitude, Corn takes readers into the White condo and at the back of the political scenes through the beleaguered president’s pivotal 3rd 12 months, and explores the main earth-shaking occasions of the Obama presidency—from the sport altering 2010 elections to the Arab Spring, the debt ceiling conflict with Congressional Republicans, the killing of Osama bin weighted down and past.
- Navigating Public Opinion: Polls, Policy, and the Future of American Democracy
- The Scottish Electorate: The 1997 General Election and Beyond
- Elections and Voting Behaviour in Britain
- Today’s Immigrants, Their Stories: A New Look at the Newest Americans
- The Russian parliamentary elections of 1995: the battle for the Duma
Extra resources for Framing the Race in South Africa: The Political Origins of Racial-Census Elections
Government is not an employment agency. ” Quote comes from Trevor Manuel’s 1998 Budget Speech, delivered to Parliament on March 11, 1998. See Gumede (2005: 99). Data for 1995 from Müller et al. (1997); data for 2006 from RSA (2006, Annexure). Blade Nzimande, South African Communist Party General Secretary, quoted in Dixon (2007). Jobs are quintessential private goods. A politicized job allocation process – the provision of jobs in exchange for political support – is the hallmark of many clientelistic party machines.
Thus, while party labels have changed, this change has not been uniformly positive. By 2004, only about a quarter of African respondents viewed either the NP or the DP as inclusive. If changing party labels is the cornerstone to persuasion, why have the opposition parties not been more effective at it? In the game of label change, opposition parties face a natural disadvantage: They lack control over policy and patronage, and therefore they can use neither as a means of signaling their support for new constituencies.
Because clientelism provides a more reliable means than programmatic competition for incumbent parties to protect their hold on power, most recent work has seen it as a necessary condition for single-party dominance. To be sure, this literature has also identified other factors as important. 37 Malapportionment and fiscal centralization may also contribute (Scheiner 2006). Other studies note the frequent revision and manipulation of electoral rules by dominant parties, suggesting that it is not so much a particular endowment of rules that creates dominance, but rather the ability of parties to reform institutions in their favor – that is, dominance begets more dominance as incumbents rig the institutions to ensure their continued rule (Molinar 1996; Magaloni 2006).