Download Finding and Knowing: The Psychology of Digital Information by Clare Davies PDF

By Clare Davies

Explores what we all know approximately how we'd like, see, browse, learn, use and be mindful on-line info. Readers take a non-technical and pleasing trip into formerly vague depths of cognitive psychology and knowledge technological know-how.

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Wanting 35 This thinking has been a big philosophical influence for a few decades now, in general life as well as in psychology. Yet in some areas of psychology it arguably hasn’t been quite as influential, simply because many psychologists would find it hard to see how they can build a science of human behaviour, in which general laws can be identified to predict how people will act, if each individual is assumed to be governed by a completely unique internal ‘world’. After all, there are many common patterns in people’s behaviour, and those patterns are the major focus of the discipline.

G. that guns are dangerous and likely to kill people unexpectedly), and procedural knowledge (about what we could do to avoid being shot). * 3. ‘Selection of alternative courses of action’. Supposing we find that there are two different ways of configuring our computer to take advantage of internet-based telephone calling. Which way works the best, or is cheapest? e. which thing we should do. This shows that our different reasons for wanting some information will lead to two people wanting different answers altogether, even if they start off just by saying they want to know about (say) ‘cheap telephone calls’.

We then have to ask what guides that little person, and so on… However, the major aspect of constructivism that interested Kuhlthau was the idea that we constantly and dynamically build and alter our internal knowledge, and fill in its gaps by inferring and discovering new things. She picked out some psychology concepts which she felt especially applied to information seeking. Cognitive psychologists since Frederick Bartlett in the 1930s have talked about how we seem to organise our memories into networks or webs of associations between things, with some things seeming more closely linked than others.

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