Download Financing Energy Projects in Developing Countries by Hossein Razavi PDF

By Hossein Razavi

This booklet presents first-hand info and research of the way multilateral, bilateral, and advertisement financiers choose to aid an power venture. It offers the foremost adjustments within the attitudes and orientations of those financiers as they've got entered a aggressive setting looking possibilities to do extra enterprise within the power region of constructing nations. The reader is guided in the course of the strategy of knowing the basics of venture financing, researching the financiers, and constructing a suitable venture package deal. eventually, a few real-world case stories display the intricacies of mobilizing cash for initiatives in quite a few segments of the power region.
Content:
entrance topic
government Overviews
• Abbreviations and Acronyms
• devices and Conversion elements
• Preface
• desk of Contents
•Part I. The Setting
1. basics of venture Financing
2. demanding situations of undertaking Financing in constructing international locations
•Part II. researching the Financiers
three. assets of Financing
four. getting access to aid from worldwide Multilateral associations
five. Borrowing from nearby improvement Banks
6. Bilateral assets of Financing
7. gaining access to advertisement money
•Part III. Designing an appropriate venture Package
eight. studying the enterprise setting
nine. developing fiscal and fiscal Viability
10. Structuring the Financing package deal
eleven. Environmental and Social issues
Appendices
• thesaurus
• Bibliography
Index

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Additional resources for Financing Energy Projects in Developing Countries

Example text

Breach of undertakings by the host government. This is the risk that the host government will not fulfill promises stated in the project agreement with regard to contributions. These contributions can be financial ones, or they can be C H A L L E N G E S O F P R O J E C T F I NA N C I N G IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • • • • promises to build necessary infrastructure, such as roads, pipelines, or export terminals. The undertakings may also include such details as labor agreements and removal of certain regulations or governmental fees.

FINANCING POWER PROJECTS Before the 1950s, power supply in most developing countries was run by small private companies that served specific cities and locations. In the 1950s and 1960s, the governments of these countries undertook extensive electrification programs intended to provide electricity to all social and economic groups. Along with the implementation of these programs, power grids were interconnected (for the most part) to take advantage of economies of scale in power supply. Ownership of power supply facilities was also consolidated into national (or state) utilities.

In the 1970s and the early 1980s, IOCs continued their active role in financing oil investments while governments, in both oil-exporting and oil-importing countries, began taking prominent roles in the petroleum sector. In oil-exporting countries, government involvement was motivated by the incentive to preserve their national resources and ensure the security of their share of oil reserves. In oil-importing countries, interest stemmed from concern that security of oil supply was essential for national economic stability; thus, governments attempted to explore and develop domestic resources and to supervise petroleum imports firmly.

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