By Hossein Razavi
This booklet presents first-hand info and research of the way multilateral, bilateral, and advertisement financiers choose to aid an power venture. It offers the foremost adjustments within the attitudes and orientations of those financiers as they've got entered a aggressive setting looking possibilities to do extra enterprise within the power region of constructing nations. The reader is guided in the course of the strategy of knowing the basics of venture financing, researching the financiers, and constructing a suitable venture package deal. eventually, a few real-world case stories display the intricacies of mobilizing cash for initiatives in quite a few segments of the power region.
Abbreviations and Acronyms
devices and Conversion elements
desk of Contents
Part I. The Setting
1. basics of venture Financing
2. demanding situations of undertaking Financing in constructing international locations
Part II. researching the Financiers
three. assets of Financing
four. getting access to aid from worldwide Multilateral associations
five. Borrowing from nearby improvement Banks
6. Bilateral assets of Financing
7. gaining access to advertisement money
Part III. Designing an appropriate venture Package
eight. studying the enterprise setting
nine. developing fiscal and fiscal Viability
10. Structuring the Financing package deal
eleven. Environmental and Social issues
Read or Download Financing Energy Projects in Developing Countries PDF
Similar oil & energy books
More and more, the focal point of probability administration isn't just on minimizing the damaging results of doubtful occasions, yet on actually offering aggressive virtue. even if, neither threats nor possibilities will be successfully pointed out and assessed with out high quality industry intelligence. As businesses more and more combine their company threat, approach and finance judgements, they're discovering that company danger id and review is barely pretty much as good because the info of their approach.
This booklet explores the financial demanding situations interested in coping with hydrocarbon wealth in the Caspian sector, and appears at how to design an optimal strength coverage. The e-book draws on the Author's event in facing the governments of the quarter, and her knowledge of the role of significant businesses within the zone.
- Green Investing: The Case of India
- From Arab Nationalism to OPEC: Eisenhower, King Sa'ud, and the Making of U.S.-Saudi Relations (Indiana Series in Middle East Studies)
- Evolution of Global Electricity Markets. New Paradigms, New Challenges, New Approaches
- Intervention at Abadan: Plan Buccaneer
Additional resources for Financing Energy Projects in Developing Countries
Breach of undertakings by the host government. This is the risk that the host government will not fulfill promises stated in the project agreement with regard to contributions. These contributions can be ﬁnancial ones, or they can be C H A L L E N G E S O F P R O J E C T F I NA N C I N G IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • • • • promises to build necessary infrastructure, such as roads, pipelines, or export terminals. The undertakings may also include such details as labor agreements and removal of certain regulations or governmental fees.
FINANCING POWER PROJECTS Before the 1950s, power supply in most developing countries was run by small private companies that served specific cities and locations. In the 1950s and 1960s, the governments of these countries undertook extensive electrification programs intended to provide electricity to all social and economic groups. Along with the implementation of these programs, power grids were interconnected (for the most part) to take advantage of economies of scale in power supply. Ownership of power supply facilities was also consolidated into national (or state) utilities.
In the 1970s and the early 1980s, IOCs continued their active role in financing oil investments while governments, in both oil-exporting and oil-importing countries, began taking prominent roles in the petroleum sector. In oil-exporting countries, government involvement was motivated by the incentive to preserve their national resources and ensure the security of their share of oil reserves. In oil-importing countries, interest stemmed from concern that security of oil supply was essential for national economic stability; thus, governments attempted to explore and develop domestic resources and to supervise petroleum imports firmly.