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By J. Roberts

How are offenders sentenced in England and Wales? this is often the 1st quantity to examine the empirical and normative features of sentencing, exploring quite a number vital concerns together with the position of earlier convictions, sentencing lady offenders, criminal regret and the sentencing in instances of a number of crimes. This detailed assortment unearths how courts during this jurisdiction sentence offenders, delivering a portrait of practices within the magistrates and Crown courts from 1996 to the current day.

With specialist contributions from students in legal justice and legislation, this authoritative account provides the most recent facts traits in relation to sentencing, in addition to conclusions for coverage and practice.

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The combined caseload of the courts has been declining in recent years. A total of 1,169,727 cases were sentenced in 2013, down from the peak of 1,547,352 cases in 2004. This constitutes a decrease of 24% over the period 2004–2013, representing almost 400,000 fewer cases. The drop in caseload reflects the fall in crime rates over this period, and to a lesser degree an increase in the use of out of court disposals. It is interesting to note, however, that the volume of sentenced cases does not perfectly track the volume of crimes reported and prosecuted, which have steadily declined over this period.

Roberts (eds) Sentencing Guidelines. Oxford: Oxford University Press. , Brown, D. and Harper, G. (2007) Local Variation in Sentencing in England and Wales. London: Ministry of Justice. McNeill, F. (2002) Assisting sentencing, promoting justice? In: C. Tata and N. Hutton (eds) Sentencing and Society. Aldershot: Ashgate. , Dhami. M. and Bird, S. (2010) Exploring Methods to Investigate Sentencing Decisions. Evaluation Review, 34: 185–219. , Tombs, J. and Hough, M. (2007) Borderline Sentencing: A Comparison of Sentencers’ Decision-Making in England and Wales, and Scotland.

The proportion given community sentences ranged from 30% (in Dorset) to 48% (in West Yorkshire), and the proportion given fines ranged from 20% (in Avon and Somerset) to 48% (in West Yorkshire). Similarly, for indictable offences in 2009, in the Crown Court, the proportion of offenders given immediate custody ranged from 44% (in Durham) to 65% (in Northamptonshire), the proportion given community sentences ranged from 9% (in Warwickshire) to 24% (in Durham), and the proportion of those fined ranged from 1% to 4%.

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