By Fabio Grigenti
The goal of this paintings is to supply a initial research of a way more far-reaching research into the connection among know-how and philosophy. within the context of the modern German idea, the writer compares the several positions of Karl Marx, Martin Heidegger, Ernst and Friedrich Jünger, Arnold Gehlen and Gunther Anders. The time period “machine” is used accurately to intend that advanced fabric equipment assembled within the final sector of the 18th century due to the definitive smooth refinement of definite primary applied sciences, i.e. metallurgy, precision mechanics and hydraulics. The “machine” mentioned right here arrived at the scene of man’s background whilst the strategies of spinning and weaving have been entrusted to semi-automatic capability; while the water wheels utilized in generators, hitherto constantly made from wooden, have been supplanted via the steel levers of the steam engine; and particularly whilst the steam engine was once attached to the weaving frames, to the metalworking hammers, and to different machines used to fabricate different machines in an never-ending reiteration of assemblies and purposes, the big final result of that is what to that end got here to be defined as “mass production”. The philosophers mentioned right here have been additionally facing the kind of computing device defined above and of their works she we will establish 3 version photographs of this concept of desktop. those photos were drawn on at numerous occasions, additionally open air the nation-states of philosophy, they usually nonetheless give you the backdrop for our wisdom of the desktop, which has circulated in a good number of languages.
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Extra info for Existence and Machine: The German Philosophy in the Age of Machines (1870-1960)
The problem lies in establishing whether this determination helps us to understand not only man’s handiwork, but also the new phenomenon of modern technology. Heidegger himself asks the question: In opposition to this definition of the essential domain of technology, one can object that it indeed holds for Greek thought and that at best it might apply to the techniques of the handcraftsman, but that it simply does not fit modern machine-powered technology. And it is precisely the latter and it alone that is the disturbing thing, that moves us to ask the question concerning technology per se.
The machine gives a hungry impression. 9 As we can see, the author clarifies the essence of mechanical processes by comparing two orders of productivity. In one, there is nature’s exuberant capacity for generation that expresses itself most beautifully in the phenomena relating to birth and growth. In the other, we find mechanized industry, with its remarkable productive dynamism dominated by the need to satisfy hunger – intended here in the sense of a sort of metaphysical need capable of shaping itself in unpredictable ways.
Of course, if (a) were true, it would be difficult for Heidegger to keep modern technology on the horizon of truth, in the sense of “revealing”, of which poiesis is a Marcuse, Armando, Roma 1998; N. ) L’uomo e le macchine. Per un’antropologia della tecnica, Guida Editore, Napoli 2007.