By S. Sánchez-Carrillo, D. G. Angeler, S. Cirujano, M. Álvarez-Cobelas (auth.), Salvador Sánchez-Carrillo, David G. Angeler (eds.)
Playing a severe function in either influencing weather swap and mitigating its affects, the world’s assorted wetlands became one of many world’s so much threatened ecosystems as unsustainable land-use practices coupled with irrational use of water have already led to large-scale wetlands loss and degradation. To strengthen sound administration and conservation schemes to guarantee wetlands sustainability within the long-term calls for long term realizing of wetlands ecology. but in the past, long term interdisciplinary examine into those structures has been constrained to just a couple of platforms from tropical or temperate climates (such because the Florida Everglades, and Czech biosphere reserve). This new e-book provides to the present wetlands literature, delivering a special reference in easy and utilized Mediterranean wetland ecology, in response to effects from long term interdisciplinary examine on the RAMSAR and UNESCO Biosphere web site, of Las Tablas de Daimiel, Spain. relationship again to the early Nineties the examine highlights alterations within the biotic and abiotic atmosphere in line with cumulative anthropogenic stressors, and supply counsel on employing this comprehend to sound administration and conservation. With specific relevance to researchers facing semi-arid wetlands within the Mediterranean and somewhere else, in addition to to source managers, the e-book discusses the complexity of the interacting abiotic and biotic surroundings throughout various spatial and temporal scales and throughout numerous degrees of organic hierarchy is highlighted, and divulges how administration in keeping with negative wisdom explanations extra harm than fix. The ebook could be of curiosity to researchers attracted to freshwater ecology, hydrobotany, hydrology, geology, biogeochemistry, panorama ecology and environmental management.
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Extra info for Ecology of Threatened Semi-Arid Wetlands: Long-Term Research in Las Tablas de Daimiel
1997; Martín Arroyo et al. 1999; Valero-Garcés et al. 2000, 2008; Carrión 2002; Gil García et al. 2002; Gómez-Orellana et al. 2007; Luzón et al. 2007; González-Sampériz et al. 2008) whilst suggesting very slight changes in the Southern low altitude areas. These findings could be verified in the two recent paleorecords performed in the Central area of the Iberian Peninsula, Fuentillejo (Ruiz Zapata et al. 2008; Vegas et al. 2006, 2009) and Las Tablas de Daimiel (Valdeolmillos 2004). We acknowledge that the current aridity experienced in the middle South area of Spain seems to have originated during the Holocene, as a response to the Azores anticyclone displacement toward the North.
Likewise, this sequence demonstrated a spatial heterogeneity on the region as a result of the presence of shelter areas where vegetation associated to humid environments was able to grow during arid periods (Rendell et al. 1994). 3) displayed an open vegetation landscape, settled by Asteraceae tubiliflorae, Asteraceae liguliflorae, Chenopodiaceae, and Poaceae. Although tree vegetation did not appear as predominant, its onset defined four distinctive climate phases: 1 and 3 characterized by dry conditions, as opposite to 2 and 4, which recorded the presence of Quercus, Betula, Corylus, Fagus and Castanea (Ruiz Zapata et al.
Pollen analyses of the section LT-A (Valdeolmillos 2005) displayed the presence of Pinaceae, Cupressaceae, Asteraceae and Poaceae which indicated the change from dry conditions to wet ones. In the intermediate section or LT-B, there was an increase of both tree (Pinus, Quercus, deciduous trees) and aquatic plant diversities, denoting a temperate climate with increasing humidity. Although in LT-C layers without pollen content were recorded most frequently, a landscape change was detected, from mesophile and Mediterranean forests to Betulaceae forest, which were replaced by Pinaceae and, finally, by Cupressaceae, culminating in the development of open 2 Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction of Las Tablas de Daimiel and Its Evolution 29 landscapes dominated by Poaceae and Chenopodiaceae (Valdeolmillos 2004; Valdeolmillos et al.