By H. Sakio, T. Tamura
Riparian forests alongside streams and rivers are diversified in species, constitution, and regeneration methods, and feature very important ecological services in protecting panorama and biodiversity. This ebook discusses riparian forests from subpolar to warm-temperate zones, protecting headwater streams, braided rivers on alluvial fanatics, and low-gradient meandering rivers. It provides the dynamics and mechanisms that govern the coexistence of riparian tree species, tree demography, the reaction to water pressure of timber, and the conservation of endangered species, and makes a speciality of usual disturbances, life-history recommendations, and the ecophysiology of timber. simply because many riparian landscapes were degraded and are disappearing at an alarming fee, the regeneration of the remainder riparian ecosystems is pressing. With contributions by means of greater than 20 specialists in various fields, this ebook deals helpful info for the conservation, recovery, and rehabilitation of riparian ecosystems that stay in international streams and rivers.
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Extra info for Ecology of Riparian Forests in Japan: Disturbance, Life History, and Regeneration
Univ Tokyo Press (in Japanese) Sakio H, Kubo M, Shimano K, Ohno K (2002) Coexistence of three canopy tree species in a riparian forest in the Chichibu Mountains, central Japan. Folia Geobot 37:45-61 Sakurai M, Sasaki Y (2006) Vegetation and slope disaster. In: Slope Engineering Subcommittee, Japan Society of Civil Engineers (ed) Studies on monitoring of complex slope hazards induced by the Mid-Niigata Prefecture earthquake, pp 83-90 (in Japanese) Sasaki H (1990) Plants and vegetation of the Mitakesan Prefectural Nature Conservation Area.
8), show intermittent debris supply from surrounding upper sideslopes at an interval of about 2500 years. It is significantly longer than 300 or 400 years, which is the recurrence interval of 24 T. TAMURA Fig. 8. Landform and a regolith profile in and around a head hollow in the Tomiya Hills shallow slide in lower sideslopes of a second-order watershed in the same hills (Li & Tamura 1999; Tamura et al. 2002a). Another evidence of radiocarbon-dated humic topsoil intercalated in colluvial and debris-flow deposits in a head hollow in the Takadate Hills, south of Sendai, northeastern Japan (Fig.
In the case of slide occurrence in a headmost wall, debris is partly deposited in the head hollow and frequently reaches a channelway, as illustrated in Fig. 9. Since debris produced in a shallow slide is usually rather fine in its texture and not so big in its total volume, it is directly transported through channelways. In the case when many slides occur in a watershed, it joins to produce a fine-debris flow. Debris flow or debris avalanche sometimes dams up a stream, mostly in combination with driftwoods and coarse rubble.