Download Does anything really matter?: essays on Parfit on by Peter Singer PDF

By Peter Singer

'Does whatever fairly Matter?' provides philosophers that have been critized through Derek Parfit in his books 'On What concerns' a chance to reply to Parfit's criticisms. It comprises essays on Parfit's perspectives by way of Richard Chappell, Andrew Huddleston, Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer, Bruce Russell, and Larry Temkin. a 3rd quantity of 'On What Matters', during which Parfit engages together with his critics and breaks new ground Read more...

summary: 'Does whatever quite Matter?' supplies philosophers that have been critized by way of Derek Parfit in his books 'On What concerns' a chance to answer Parfit's criticisms. It contains essays on Parfit's perspectives by means of Richard Chappell, Andrew Huddleston, Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer, Bruce Russell, and Larry Temkin. a 3rd quantity of 'On What Matters', within which Parfit engages together with his critics and breaks new flooring find major contract among his personal perspectives and theirs, is showing as a separate spouse quantity

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OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 09/09/16, SPi 32 . Larry S. Temkin Parfit’s opponents could plausibly argue that their view does not commit them to nihilism, or at best, H-values. Instead, I think some will be able to plausibly contend that their view is compatible with E-values, or D-values, or perhaps even C- or B-values. Of course, I haven’t argued for this position, I have just claimed it. But I believe my claim is more plau­ sible than Parfit’s, notwithstanding his many claims and arguments to the contrary.

24 Parfit wants to know what, if anything, he is justified in believing, desiring, or doing, and he regards that as a normative question that is wholly distinct from the purely psychological question that he thinks the internalist is concerned with, namely, given a person’s subjective motivational set, S, what fac­ tors and circumstances would motivate him to believe in, desire, or do certain things. So, to note one example, for Parfit, undeserved suffering is bad, it is bad in all possible worlds, and its badness in no way depends on any­ one’s internal features or makeup.

He might have spent it counting blades of grass. If nothing matters, it doesn’t matter in any way that he chose to live the life that he did—but he couldn’t have wasted his life in living it as he did. We see, then, that there is nothing special about the fact that Parfit was consumed, throughout his life, with trying to determine how one ought to live one’s life. If Parfit is right, then it would not only be his life which had no significance for good or bad—this would be true of all lives, human and otherwise.

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