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Additional resources for Development, society, and environment in Tibet : : papers presented at a panel of the 7th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Graz 1995

Example text

Economic infrastructure has brought a spatial integration. At the same time as in the former Soviet republics, historical ethnic identities have begun to find expression in modern forms of nationalism, a process which appears to have its own logic and course. China's Idea of Progress and Tibet The varying physical characteristics or natural endowments of different areas of the PRC are well-recognised as such in China in modern times. However, discussions of physical diversity are more usually seen by the Chinese state as a rationale for additional investment in technical control, rather than for the accommodation of goals and plans to local circumstances.

The result was light industry in the corridor between the airport and Lhasa, and'urban investment in tourism infrastructure and entertainment industry~ In the late July of 1994, the Third National Forum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Tibet was held in Beijing. It was attended by more than 190 people, including party, army and the most senior government leaders from Beijing (led by secretary-general Jiang Zemin), the TAR and other provinces. The emphasis was on the need to ensure political unity and accelerate the application of economic models already tried and tested in lowland China.

The regional picture of Tibetan pastoralism off the edge of the plateau, whether extended towards lowland China or India, has the following key feature as underlying local socio-economic adaptation. A vertical differentiation of agricultural production zones by topography and climate, with extreme local variations of altitude and a relatively predictable seasonal water supply from monsoon and snow melt. Here, social life takes on a cyclical, annual form marked by communal religious ceremonies that focus on the lower semipermanent or 'winter' (dgun-sa) settlements.

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