By D. McCammon (auth.), Christian Enss (eds.)
The improvement of cryogenic units for particle detection has reached a degree at which many attention-grabbing purposes are achievable and have already got been verified. The ebook presents a entire overview of the sphere of cryogenic particle detection. It introduces the several detection thoughts and offers an outline of the $64000 parts within which those detectors are effectively utilized.
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Additional info for Cryogenic Particle Detection
Today, developments by the semiconductor electronics industry have solved many of the materials and fabrication issues. Germanium and silicon are readily available with more than adequate purity, essentially noise-free Chr. ): Cryogenic Particle Detection, Topics Appl. Phys. 99, 35–62 (2005) © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 36 D. McCammon contacts are easily formed by ion-implanted doping, and a host of techniques and machines are available that facilitate the fabrication of the thermistors, thermal isolation structures, and large arrays of detectors and their electrical interconnections.
Supercond. 1, 622 (2003). K. G. A. Mazin, A. Vayonakis, J. Zmuidzinas: Nature 425, 817 (2003). 32  C. Enss, A. Fleischmann, K. Horst, J. Sch¨ onefeld, J. S. H. H. M. Seidel: J Low Temp. Phys. 121, 137 (2000) 32  A. Fleischman, M. Link, T. Daniyarov, H. Rotzinger, C. M. Seidel: Nucl. Instrum. Methods A520, 27 (2004) 33  R. Leoni, B. G. Castellano, F. Mattioli, G. Torrioli, L. DiGaspere, F. Evangelisti: Nucl. Instrum. Methods A520, 44 (2004) 33  M. M. M. Martinis: Appl. Phys. Lett.
We assume that making R a suﬃciently good match to the noise resistance of the ampliﬁer will make this term negligible, and then choose RL large enough relative to R that we can ignore NEP2J−Load . This leaves NEP2Total ≈ NEP2TFN + NEP2J−Therm , and P and G as our free parameters. While we have been assuming a small-signal limit, the temperature increase t ≡ T /T0 produced by the bias power is not necessarily small, and can cause signiﬁcant changes in the heat capacity of the detector and thermal conductivity of the link.