By Charles H. Patterson
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Extra resources for Concerning Principles of Morals
19. After enumerating qualities which are useful to ourselves, Hume explains that each of these must be interpreted in the light of Aristotle's doctrine of the golden mean. What does this mean? 20. What reasons are given by Hume in support of his statement that the moral rules and regulations concerning chastity are not the same for both sexes? 21. Mention several of the qualities which are immediately agreeable to ourselves and to others, and explain why Hume has included these in his account of the virtues.
How, for example, can one refer to any activity as bad so long as the person who is doing it finds it both pleasant and agreeable? Nevertheless, it is true that there are many instances in everyday life where activities that are generally regarded as bad are found to be pleasant and agreeable on the part of those who perform them. Hume attempts to avoid this difficulty by identifying actions as good only when they are approved by a majority of the members of a given society. This does appear to help the situation, but it does not answer in a satisfactory way the objections which may be raised to this method of dealing with the problem.
The extracts were edited and the introduction written by a distinguished professor of philosophy. ANDERSON, ROBERT F. Hume's First Principles. : University of Nebraska Press, 1966. An examination of the fundamental principles upon which Hume's philosophy was based. com aspects of Hume's philosophy. BLANSHARD, BRAND. Reason and Goodness. , 1961. Written from the point of view of one regarded as an able exponent of idealist philosophy in America. It contains an analysis of British moral philosophy during the last two centuries.