By Jeronim Perović
This booklet examines the function of Soviet power in the course of the chilly battle. in accordance with hitherto little identified records from Western and jap ecu documents, it combines the tale of Soviet oil and fuel with normal chilly warfare background. This quantity breaks new flooring through framing Soviet strength in a multi-national context, making an allowance for not just the view from Moscow, but in addition the views of communist jap Europe, the united states, NATO, in addition to a number of Western eu international locations – specifically Italy, France, and West Germany. This e-book demanding situations many of the long-standing assumptions of East-West bloc family members, in addition to laying off new mild on family in the blocs concerning the factor of power. by means of bringing jointly a number of junior and senior historians and experts from Europe, Russia and the united states, this booklet represents a pioneering endeavour to process the position of Soviet power throughout the chilly conflict in transnational perspective.
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Extra info for Cold War Energy: A Transnational History of Soviet Oil and Gas
Pressed with the need to enhance oil shipments to Western Europe, Moscow was increasingly less inclined to support the economies of its East European allies with cheap energy. 80 Poland, for example, which imported all of its oil from the Soviet Union, had started oil import negotiations with Algeria, Iraq, and Iran even before the crisis. 82 While the Soviet Union ultimately stabilized its oil exports to Western Europe following the Arab embargo, it did so in part at the expense of its allies in Eastern Europe.
Once again, the FRG played a central role. The FRG received Soviet gas via a pipeline through Czechoslovakia for the ﬁrst time in October 1973, and a year later, Italy started sourcing gas from the Soviet Union via a pipeline through Austria. 92 During the 1970s, the countries that became the main recipients of Soviet gas were hence essentially those that had previously been the main customers of Soviet oil. 7 percent of THE SOVIET UNION’S RISE AS AN INTERNATIONAL ENERGY POWER. . 23 France’s total consumption of natural gas.
Just as Russian entrepreneurs had done during the Tsarist era, the Bolsheviks treated oil as an export product to be shipped to the West—such as wheat or timber—in the largest possible volumes in return for technology and foreign currency. Exporting these resources meant access to the world market and the inﬂow of “hundreds of millions of gold roubles,” as Lenin told the membership at the above-mentioned party congress. 13 To counter the growing Soviet supply of oil to world markets, Western international energy companies, fearing to lose their dominant position, attempted to impose a blockade.