Download Climate Changes during the Holocene and their Impact on by Arie S. Issar PDF

By Arie S. Issar

It really is now extensively approved that expanding concentrations of greenhouse gases within the surroundings are inflicting greater worldwide temperatures. This quantity presents a finished overview of the results of weather variability on hydrological and human structures within the Holocene (the final 10,000 years). The ebook concentrates at the areas bordering the Mediterranean Sea, western and crucial Europe, China, Japan, West and South Africa and southwestern U.S.A. it truly is meant for researchers and pros in hydrology, climatology, geology and old geography.

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Extra resources for Climate Changes during the Holocene and their Impact on Hydrological Systems (International Hydrology Series)

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It is reasonable to think that a severe crisis in the north caused the rapid collapse of the settlements in that area, while the impact of the crisis on the population of the more arid zone, who exploited their knowledge and life style, was less severe, at least in the beginning. A further explanation, with a similar basis, is that the warming up of the climate increased the incidence of monsoon-type rains and this helped to support vegetation suitable for forage. In the general framework of these paleo-environmental and socio-economic scenarios, one can explain the observations made by Tsoar and Goodfriend (1994) of a dense population existing on the sand dunes of the northeastern Sinai bordering the Negev at c.

The size of the settlements of the EB I was almost the same as that of the settlements during the Chalcolithic period, but the density of inhabitants in most was increased. This is an indication of an increase in population (Ben Tor, 1992). However, not all the settlements during EB I are defined as cities. Some were “small cities”, such as Megiddo, Lachish and Jericho. Others were considered “big cities”, such as Yarmut, Gezer, Afek and Beit Yerach. Agricultural villages were located alongside the cities.

The peoples in these texts are not defined as Amorite but as “Amu”, which certainly denotes an Asiatic origin of the names (Dever, 1976). During MB I, the relationship between Canaan and Egypt strengthened. There were good trade connections and the Egyptian cultural and political influence spread over all the region. Towards the end of MB I, the strong relationship between Canaan and Egypt deteriorated (Aharoni, 1978a,b). The type of fortification (glacis and terre pisee) of the MB II and MB III symbolized the new era of walled cities.

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