By Hengyun Ma, Les Oxley
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Extra info for China’s Energy Economy: Situation, Reforms, Behavior, and Energy Intensity
2, titled “China’s energy economy: a survey of the literature”, have appeared in Economic Systems 34(2010):105–132. • Parts of Chap. 6 and Parts of Chap. 015, respectively. Chapter 2 A Survey of the Literature This Chapter is organized as follows. 1 outlines the main topics to be reviewed and approaches used in the review. 6 review previous studies on China’s energy economy differentiated into five topics. 7 presents a summary of the main findings. 1 The Topics to Be Reviewed and the Approaches to Be Used The Topics to Be Reviewed The energy sector covers a range of activities including energy trade, energy production, employment, energy pricing, energy taxes, and environmental regulation, etc.
Since China embarked on its economic reforms and adopted an open door policy in the late 1970s, its economic development has been greatly enhanced by active participation in international trade. However, recently there has been more debate about domestic trade with China’s major trading partners urging further opening of the domestic market, especially post-accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). Moreover, even if the Chinese government removes remaining barriers to international trade, the effectiveness of this policy might be compromised by regional trade barriers within China itself (Fan and Wei 2006; Poncet 2003, 2005).
2 The energy intensity is simply defined as the ratio of energy consumption to output (gross domestic products-GDP), which reflects the energy efficiency. 10 1 Introduction 2004); about the timing of the decline (Zhang 2003); about whether the decline is secular or fluctuating (Liao et al. 2007) and even about the measures of energy intensity used (Qi et al. 2007a). Most of the previous studies on China’s energy intensity employ an index number approach to decompose the change in energy intensity into the effects of industrial structure change and the change in industrial energy intensity (Ma et al.