By Stanley D. Brunn, Gerald R. Webster, Richard L. Morrill, Fred M. Shelley, Stephen J. Lavin, J. Clark Archer
The U.S. presidential election of 2008 used to be some of the most major elections in fresh American historical past. Bringing jointly top geographers and political scientists, this authoritative atlas analyzes and maps the campaigns, primaries, basic election, and key kingdom referenda to supply a wealthy photograph of this watershed event.
The individuals provide a entire and precise evaluate of all elements of the election, delivering presidential effects on the nationwide point, in significant areas, and in swing states. Drilling right down to county point, they hint vote casting styles for key racial, ethnic, spiritual, and occupational teams. additionally they illustrate the crusade concepts of Democratic and Republican celebration leaders. relocating past the nationwide race, the atlas compares very important senatorial and gubernatorial races to presidential votes and considers chosen kingdom referenda reminiscent of marriage amendments, farm animal cruelty, stem mobilephone study, and physician-assisted suicide. for additional context and intensity, the 2008 election effects are in comparison with prior nationwide elections.
Illustrated with greater than 2 hundred meticulously drawn full-color maps, the atlas might be an important reference and a desirable source for pundits, electorate, crusade staffs, and political junkies alike.
By Daniel Lathrop, Laurel Ruma
In an international the place net prone could make real-time information available to someone, how can the govt leverage this openness to enhance its operations and raise citizen participation and information? via a suite of essays and case experiences, best visionaries and practitioners either in and out of presidency percentage their principles on the best way to in achieving and direct this rising global of on-line collaboration, transparency, and participation. Contributions and issues contain:
• Beth Simone Noveck, U.S. Deputy leader know-how Officer for open govt, "The unmarried element of Failure"
• Jerry Brito, senior learn fellow on the Mercatus heart at George Mason collage, "All Your information Are Belong to Us: freeing executive Data"
• Aaron Swartz, cofounder of reddit.com, OpenLibrary.org, and BoldProgressives.org, "When Is Transparency Useful?"
• Ellen S. Miller, government director of the daylight beginning, "Disrupting Washington's Golden Rule"
• Carl Malamud, founding father of Public.Resource.Org, "By the People"
• Douglas Schuler, president of the general public Sphere venture, "Online Deliberation and Civic Intelligence"
• Howard Dierking, application supervisor on Microsoft's MSDN and TechNet net platform staff, "Engineering solid Government"
• Matthew Burton, net entrepreneur and previous intelligence analyst on the security Intelligence corporation, "A Peace Corps for Programmers"
• Gary D. Bass and Sean Moulton, OMB Watch, "Bringing the internet 2.0 Revolution to Government"
• Tim O'Reilly, founder and CEO of O'Reilly Media, "Defining executive 2.0: classes discovered from the luck of laptop Platforms"
Open govt editors: Daniel Lathrop is a former investigative initiatives reporter with the Seattle publish Intelligencer who's coated politics in Washington country, Iowa, Florida, and Washington D.C. He's a consultant in crusade finance and "computer-assisted reporting" -- the perform of utilizing information research to document the scoop. Laurel Ruma is the Gov 2.0 Evangelist at O'Reilly Media. She can be co-chair for the Gov 2.0 Expo.
By Joseph Cummins
A historical past of Mud-Slinging, personality Assassination, And different Election innovations Today’s political pundits exhibit surprise and unhappiness while applicants inn to unfavorable campaigning. yet background unearths that smear campaigns are as American as apple pie. whatever for a Vote is an illustrated examine 200-plus years of soiled methods and undesirable habit in presidential elections, from George Washington to Barack Obama and John McCain. enable the name-calling start! • 1836: Congressman Davy Crockett accuses candidate Martin Van Buren of secretly wearing women’s garments: “He is laced up in corsets!” • 1864: Presidential candidate George McClellan describes his opponent, Abraham Lincoln, as “nothing greater than a well-meaning baboon!” • 1960: Former president Harry Truman advises citizens that “if you vote for Richard Nixon, you need to visit hell!” Full of sleazy anecdotes from each presidential election in usa history, Anything for a Vote is a worthwhile reminder that historical past does repeat itself, that classes will be realized from the previous (though and they aren’t), and that our most renowned presidents will not be above reproach while it comes to the dirtiest online game of all—political campaigning.
By Susan Kingsley Kent
Women's quest for the vote Kent argues, was once indissolubly associated with different feminist calls for for reform which might overturn the cultural structures of masculinity and femininity and made up our minds their powerlessness in either private and non-private.
By Jon H. Pammett, Lawrence LeDuc, André Turcotte, Judith I. McKenzie
Dynasties and Interludes offers a finished and specific review of elections and balloting in Canada from Confederation to the hot spate of minority governments. Its central argument is that the Canadian political panorama has consisted of lengthy classes of hegemony of a unmarried get together and/or chief (dynasties), punctuated by means of brief, sharp disruptions caused through the unexpected upward push of recent events, leaders, or social activities (interludes).
Changes within the composition of the citizens and within the know-how and professionalization of election campaigns also are tested during this booklet, either to supply a greater realizing of key turning issues in Canadian heritage and a deeper interpretation of present-day electoral politics.
By S. Birch
Sarah Birch assesses the impression of electoral procedure layout on political swap in post-communist Europe. because the cave in of communism in primary and japanese Europe among 1989 and 1991, nearly all of the states within the quarter have undertaken major electoral reform. This learn strains the a number of hyperlinks among the evolution of electoral platforms and political swap and establishes styles within the results of electoral approach layout on post-communist advancements.
By Carolyn M. Warner
Following global battle II, the Catholic Church in Europe confronted the problem of building political impression with newly rising democratic governments. The Church grew to become, as Carolyn Warner pointedly argues, an curiosity workforce like several different, trying to reach and solidify its effect via forming alliances with political events. the writer analyzes the Church's differing techniques in Italy, France, and Germany utilizing microeconomic theories of the company and ancient institutionalism. She demonstrates how just a strategic standpoint can clarify the alternative and durability of the alliances in each one case. In so doing, the writer demanding situations prior paintings that ignores the prices to curiosity teams and events of maintaining or breaking their reciprocal links.Confessions of an curiosity staff demanding situations the view of the Catholic Church as exclusively an ethical strength whose pursuits are seamlessly represented by means of the Christian Democratic events. mixing thought, cultural narrative, and archival learn, Warner demonstrates that the French Church's superficial and short reference to a political celebration was once at once with regards to its lack of political impact through the struggle. The Italian Church's strength, nevertheless, remained solid throughout the warfare, so the Church and the Christian Democrats extra simply came upon a number of grounds for long term cooperation. The German Church selected one more course, reluctantly aligning itself with a brand new Catholic-Protestant social gathering. This e-book is a crucial paintings that expands the turning out to be literature at the economics of faith, curiosity workforce habit, and the politics of the Catholic Church.
By Marie-Soleil Frère
Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Chad, important African Republic, Congo Brazzaville and Rwanda all prepared pluralist elections in a put up clash context, having skilled an armed clash which both interrupted or avoided democratization processes. These polls have been prepared with the aid of the overseas neighborhood, which considered them as a very important step within the peace-building method. The neighborhood media's position all through has been to make sure that an electoral strategy is admittedly "free and reasonable" -- a job that turns into much more an important in nations the place the media have formerly being perceived as warmongers or peace-builders within the conflicts. Giving a voice to African newshounds and studying the paintings they've been publishing or broadcasting in the course of those elections, African media professional Marie-Soleil Frere explores if and the way the neighborhood media fulfilled their tasks. In doing so, the publication finds newshounds' professionalism at a time while a lot is predicted from the media, in addition to the serious political strain confronted which could make their paintings rather tricky. Insightful and finished, Elections and the Media in Post-Conflict Africa underlines either the significance and the fragility of the position of the media in a democratic system.