By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products
Petroleum-based commercial items have progressively changed items derived from organic fabrics. even if, biologically dependent items are creating a comeback--because of a threefold bring up in farm productiveness and new technologies.
Biobased business Products envisions a biobased business destiny, the place starch might be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils becomes a regimen part in lubricants and detergents.
Biobased commercial Products overviews the U.S. land assets on hand for agricultural construction, summarizes plant fabrics at present produced, and describes customers for expanding kinds and yields.
The committee discusses the concept that of the biorefinery and descriptions confirmed and power thermal, mechanical, and chemical applied sciences for conversion of traditional assets to business applications.
The committee additionally illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased items via latest examples, in addition to items nonetheless at the drafting board, and it identifies priorities for study and development.
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Additional resources for Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization Priorities
1991); Beall et al. (1992); Ingram and Conway (1988); Ingram et al. (1987); Wood and Ingram (1992); Mohagheghi et al. (1998). Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 22 BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS carbon dioxide are complex, and this topic continues to be an active area of research (see, for example, Marland and Schlamadinger, 1995). The production of feedstocks for biobased industries could pose some problems to the environment, and these potential problems should be evaluated and minimized.
1992). The future of a biobased industry depends on products that outperform petroleum-based products at a competitive cost. Much more work is needed to realize the full promise of biobased products. Both federal and private research funding in this area has been sporadic over the past decade. The development of new or improved processing technologies will largely determine which biobased products become available. While certain processing technologies are well established, others show promise but will require additional refinement or research before they come into practical use.
All rights reserved. html RAW MATERIAL RESOURCE BASE 27 interest for forest preservation has led to government policies that support conversion of federal forest lands to special uses such as parks and wildlife areas that prohibit timber production. S. public lands (NRC, 1997; USDA, 1995). Productivity from silviculture and timber harvests has increased on forest lands. The average volume of standing timber per hectare (800 x 109 cubic feet in 1991) is now 30 percent greater than it was in 1952 (USDA, 1995).