By John M. Wallace, Peter V. Hobbs
Wallace and Hobbs' unique variation of Atmospheric technology helped outline the sphere approximately 30 years in the past, and has served because the cornerstone for many college curriculums. Now scholars and execs alike can use this up to date vintage to appreciate atmospheric phenomena within the context of the most recent discoveries and applied sciences, and get ready themselves for extra complex examine and real-life challenge fixing.
Atmospheric technology, moment variation, has been thoroughly made over when it comes to content material and visual appeal. It comprises new chapters on atmospheric chemistry, the Earth system,climate, and the atmospheric boundary layer, in addition to more advantageous therapy of atmospheric dynamics, climate forecasting, radiative move, serious storms, and human affects, equivalent to international warming. The authors illustrate techniques with colourful cutting-edge imagery and canopy an unlimited volume of latest details within the box. they've got additionally constructed numerous on-line fabrics for teachers who undertake the text.
With its thorough assurance of the basics, transparent causes, and wide updates, Wallace & Hobbs' Atmospheric technological know-how, moment version, is the basic first step in teaching today's atmospheric scientists.
Full-color satellite tv for pc imagery and cloud photos illustrate ideas all through
Extensive numerical and qualitative workouts emphasize the appliance of uncomplicated actual rules to difficulties within the atmospheric sciences
Biographical footnotes summarize the lives and paintings of scientists pointed out within the textual content, and supply scholars with a feeling of the lengthy heritage of meteorology
Companion site encourages extra complicated exploration of textual content themes: supplementary details, photographs, and bonus exercises.
Read or Download Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (2nd Edition) PDF
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Additional resources for Atmospheric Science: An Introductory Survey (2nd Edition)
The main features of this idealized “aqua-planet, perpetual equinox” circulation are depicted in Fig. 15. The extratropical circulation is dominated by westerly wind belts, centered around 45 °N and 45 °S. The westerlies are disturbed by an endless succession of eastward migrating disturbances called baroclinic waves, which cause the weather at these latitudes to vary from day to day. The average wavelength of these waves is ϳ4000 km and they propagate eastward at a rate of ϳ10 m sϪ1. The tropical circulation in the aqua-planet simulations is dominated by much steadier trade winds,11 marked by an easterly zonal wind component and a component directed toward the equator.
In contrast, meteor trails higher in the atmosphere tend to vanish before they have time to become appreciably distorted. (f) Airline passengers flying at high latitudes are exposed to higher ozone concentrations than those flying in the tropics. (g) In the tropics, deep convective clouds contain ice crystals, whereas shallow convective clouds do not. (h) Airliners traveling between Tokyo and Los Angeles often follow a great circle route westbound and a latitude circle eastbound. (i) Aircraft landings on summer afternoons tend to be bumpier than nighttime landings, especially on clear days.
19 December–January–February (top) and June–July–August (bottom) surface winds, as in Fig. 18, but superimposed on the distribution of sea-level pressure. The contour interval for sea-level pressure is 5 hPa. Pressures above 1015 hPa are shaded blue, and pressures below 1000 hPa are shaded yellow. The wind scale is at the bottom of the figure. [Based on the NCEP͞NCAR reanalyses. Courtesy of Todd P. ] P732951-Ch01 11/03/05 18 04:57 PM Page 18 Introduction and Overview Fig. 22 Clouds over the south China Sea as viewed from a research aircraft flying in the middle troposphere.