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By A.L. Septier

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This increased probability of winning for multiracial coalitions, to be sure, does not lead to a declining role of race in elections. On the contrary, race becomes more pronounced in voters’ decision-making process. One directly “observable” indication of the significance of race is the polarization of working-class white and black voters’ party identifications. While blacks are almost uniformly Democratic, working-class whites have become increasingly Republican. ”28 The minimum winning coalition theory suggests that racial interest is a major decision-making cue in competitive elections.

Point B is a coalition location where the candidate receives all minority votes and 47 percent of the white-majority votes. In this case, the candidate also receives 50 percent of the total votes cast. Candidates, of course, do not have to locate themselves exactly at points A and B to receive 50 percent of the votes. They can in fact be located anywhere along the line AB to receive exactly 50 percent of the votes. ” The space to the left of the line is the losers’ zone. For this reason, the line AB is called the minimum winning coalition line.

S. Senate. The electoral successes of Asian Americans in California, among others, included the late Robert Matsui reelected to Congress as a Democrat from California in 2004, replaced by his wife Doris Matsui (who was elected in the 2006 midterm election). At the state level, for example, Democrats Wilma Chan, Leland Yee, Judy Chu, Carol Liu, and Republican Alan Nakanishi all won the California Assembly elections in 2004. Asians have been more active in local elections in recent decades, with many elected to city-level government positions in states such as California, Hawaii, New York, and sometimes even in Midwest states such as Minnesota.

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