Download America's Energy Future: Technology and Transformation: by National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, PDF

By National Research Council, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on America's Energy Future

Energy creation and use contact our lives in numerous methods. we're reminded of the price of strength each time we replenish on the fuel pump, pay an electrical energy invoice, or buy an airline price tag. strength use additionally has vital oblique affects, now not all of that are mirrored in present strength costs: depletion of traditional assets, degradation of our environment, and threats to nationwide defense coming up from a transforming into dependence on geopolitically volatile areas for a few of our strength provides. those oblique affects may bring up sooner or later if the call for for strength rises speedier than on hand power offers. Our nation's problem is to improve an power portfolio that reduces those affects whereas offering adequate and cheap strength offers to maintain our destiny monetary prosperity.

the us has huge, immense monetary and highbrow assets that may be delivered to endure on those demanding situations via a sustained nationwide attempt within the many years forward. America's power Future is meant to notify the advance of clever strength regulations by means of fostering a greater realizing of technological thoughts for expanding strength offers and bettering the potency of power use. This precis variation of the ebook may also be an invaluable source for pros operating within the power or fascinated about advocacy and researchers and teachers in energy-related fields of study.

America's power Future examines the deployment capability, charges, obstacles, and affects of strength offer and end-use applied sciences in the course of the subsequent to 3 a long time, together with power potency, replacement transportation fuels, renewable strength, fossil gasoline strength, and nuclear power, in addition to applied sciences for making improvements to the nation's electric transmission and distribution systems.

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Sample text

These policies and regulations have focused in part on mitigating the environmental impacts of energy production and use, but they have been piecemeal efforts. The fact is that the United States has never implemented a truly comprehensive set of national policies for obtaining and using energy to meet national goals for sustainability, economic prosperity, security, and environmental quality. S. energy system has developed in response to an array of uncoordinated market forces and shifting public policies.

S. energy system is motivated by several factors. • Heightened long-term competition for fossil fuels as a result of worldwide population and economic growth. S. reliance on world markets and their vulnerable supply chains for supplies of petroleum (and possibly, in the future, of natural gas). • Mounting volatility in market prices for fossil fuels. For example, petroleum prices have ranged from about $32 to $147 per barrel over the past 2 years, which has helped to promote volatility in prices for coal and natural gas.

S. energy system has developed in response to an array of uncoordinated market forces and shifting public policies. Yet there has been a growing recognition over the past decade of the need Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html Context and Challenges 27 for such comprehensive national policies. Congress made an unsuccessful attempt to pass major energy legislation in 2002, successfully passed such legislation in 2005 (Energy Policy Act of 2005) and in 2007 (Energy Independence and Security Act [EISA] of 2007), and was working on another major energy bill as the present report was being completed.

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